Scientists associated with the National Museum of Natural History in Paris have concluded accurate dating of bone ornaments from Brazil’s Santa Elina rock shelter and that dating shows that humans were in that area earlier than 20 kya!!
Rock art at Sierra de Capivara national park Brazil
The rock shelter is located in the central part of Brazil and contains fantastic rock art made by some of the First Americans. This is a long term habitation site meaning that it was used by humans over a long period of different times. However, it seems to be a site that was inhabited periodically when hunting was good and not a site in which people lived continuously. Occupation of this site appears to range from the Late Pleistocene and the Late Holocene.
Researchers have found evidence of human habitation across Brazil at early periods with some of the earliest dates ranging around 60 kya and, YES, some of these dates are controversial, however, these dates remain standing. Continue Reading
A paper that came out in September 2017 by Professor Ulfur Arnason calls for a new paradigm and it’s making some waves. Professor Arnason is a neuroscientist at the University of Lund in Sweden and in the paper he places the LAST COMMON ANCESTOR of Homo sapiens sapiens (modern humans) and the Neanderthals somewhere in EURASIA, not Africa. Professor Arnason argues that the ancesotrs of the African KhoeSan and Mbuti people formed the first exodus of modern humans INTO AFRICA out of ASIA AND EUROPE. If he’s right then his research calls the Out of Africa theory (OOA) into question, once again, as so much research is now doing but it’s all being ignored, summarily!
A simplified view of Hss migrations. The shaded area signifies an undefined Asian(Eurasian) area from which Hss dispersed. The red track shows the potential routes of KhoeSan, Mbuti and Yoruba outside the Hsnn range. KhoeSan and Mbuti may have diverged before their migration into Africa. The arrow-headed lines between Mbuti and Yoruba mark potential genetic exchange. The green track represents the common Asian origin of indigenous Australians, Papuans-New Guineans and the Andamanese (Mallick et al., 2016). Altai shows the location of the genetic contribution of Hss into Hsn (Kuhlwilm et al., 2016) and Daoxian Cave the location of the palaeontological Hss finds described by Liu et al. (2015). Image credit: Úlfur Árnason
Common belief is that the ancient human ancestors of modern humans lived somewhere in Africa and Homo sapiens evolved there first and migrated out of Africa to Europe and Asia. Most scientists hold the belief that the exact dating of this emergence out of Africa of our ancient ancestors remains to be resolved but they are ever so sure they will discover a date soon. However, the research of Professor Arnason suggests that the origination of Homo sapiens sapiens was in EURASIA NOT IN AFRICA!
Neanderthals and modern humans seem to have parted ways, at least genetically, sometime before 500 kya (thousand years ago). Arnason argues that this date places the first of our species somewhere in Eurasia and he adds this to what we know about the geographical range of Neanderthals.
Professor Arnason said, “The EXCLUSIVE occurrence of Neanderthals in EUROPE and ASIA and their ABSENCE from Africa restricts their origins to EURASIA,” and indeed it DOES! He went on to also say, “As a consequence, the origin of their sister-group (Homo sapiens sapiens; modern humans) should be placed in the SAME CONTINENT (ie: EURASIA).” He goes on saying that this hypothesis would then be in “compliance with the LCA (last common ancestor) understanding that the LCS of any two sister groups CANNOT be separated, neither in time nor space.” Amen to that!! Continue Reading
Yesterday I posted about the 2017 major story in anthropology being the mastodon kill site found near San Diego, California which has turned everything upside down because it proves early humans where in North America at least 130 kya. This find has created a lot of controversy but, alas, the proof is there! However, I do NOT consider this story to be the major story of 2017! Rather, the REAL MAJOR STORY of 2017 is being ignored. Surprised? You shouldn’t be because the real story of 2017 completely upends all of our little theories when it comes to ancient human ancestors and researchers are hoping it will just go away.
9.7 mya fossil teeth found in Germany 2017
The REAL MAJOR story of 2017 was the discovery of ancient human ancestor fossil remains found in Germany which are believed to be from Australopithecus!! And that poses a little problem because Australopithecus fossil remains have never been found outside of Africa!!!
I reported and posted about this MAJOR DISCOVERY last October (2017) and you can find my original post on the sidebar to the right. Basically, this find put a final death blow into the Out of Africa Theory (OOA) as it was completely unexpected and finding EVIDENCE of Australopithecus outside of Africa just doesn’t fit what we though was. But obviously it was NOT! Continue Reading
The biggest story in Anthropology for 2017 seems to be the mastodon site found in San Diego, California because it has turned everything we thought we knew about early humans in the Americas upside down. I posted about this back in April and you can find that post at the link below:
Remains of bone and teeth from mastodons at this site have been dated at 130 kyr (thousand years old) and they show evidence of early human modification. Analysis of the finds dramatically alter the timeline for when humans first arrived in North America.
The remains were discovered by Richard Cerruti a construction site monitor for the San Diego Natural History Museum. The project involved building new freeway expansion project in the area back in 1992. This discovery has caused more controversy than one could imagine with some scholars outright infuriated by it. But the evidence is there…clearly!
In addition to my post referenced above I also want to add that the remains were found in a cave near the ocean and this MAY suggest that the mastodon hunters were seamen. Fact is that it’s been estimated that 90% of all ancient pre-Ice Age human fossil remains probably lay under 300 feet of ocean water today along shorelines. That would be due to the fact that Ice Age sea levels fluctuated and due to our current warming period known as the Holocene. Ice Ages lock up water in ice and sea levels lower as a result. Warming periods melt ice and sea levels rise (as we see today). I’m pretty sure that some early human ancestors were sailors in primitive boats and these people may have been some of those prehistoric sailors.
Although surprising the San Diego site is not the only site that has turned our concept of our ancient ancestors upside down. You will find some of the other discoveries that have also contributed to that at the following link:
In Anthropology NOTHING is set in concrete and EVERYTHING is fluid. That’s because when we find new fossil evidence everything we thought we knew turns out to be wrong and theories must be revamped and revised to fit the new evidence. At least that is how REAL SCIENCE is supposed to work! Theories should fit the evidence not visa-versa!!
Happy New Year everyone and I’m sure 2018 is going to bring even more exciting discoveries in anthropology!!!
Recently I had a DNA analysis done and most of the ethnic results I expected except for one. I was surprised to learn that 5% of my ethnic DNA comes from the Caucasus region located between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. Traditionally, the Caucasus Mountains are the dividing line between Asia and Europe. This is a today a very diverse region in terms of religion, linguistics, culture, and ecologically and looking at some of the history of this region it has apparently always been such. Today it is home to over 50 ethnic groups and is one of the world’s 34 biodiversity hotspots, that is, this region is home to a large number of diverse plants and animals which are threatened by human encroachment. The region also has a lot of history ranging from the Mongols to the Huns to Cyrus the Great and a host of other notable historical people and cultures.
Location of Dmanisi site in Georgia Republic
The Caucasus region is also home to the wonderful Dmanisi skulls and that is what fascinates me and, now, my personal connection to this area!! Around 45,000 years ago modern humans (Homo sapiens) entered into the Caucasus region and the surrounding area from somewhere in the Middle East. Farming was introduced and it spread throughout the region during the Neolithic Period. Evidence suggests that around 800 years ago the Mongols invaded the region and left behind descendants such as the Nogay people. Ironically, the Caucasus region seems to have rarely been the source of migrations out of the area. In other words, human populations came to the region and stayed. Continue Reading
The CDC has put something interesting out lately pertaining to heat related deaths. According to their data about 600 Americans die every year due to heat related causes. In contrast, double that amount of Americans die due to COLD related causes. The CDC estimates are noted below.
Here’s something else. The planets temp has risen 1 degree in the last 100 years and life expectancy has doubled in the last 100 years. So is heating bad? Likely not. And one other little item……..cold seems to love diseases while heat tend to kill them. So the colder it is, the more disease is likely, while the warmer it is, the less likely disease outbreak is.
Make of the CDC statistics what you will but one thing I see for sure is that cold is much more dangerous to human life than warmth. And what would happen to much of human life should Earth suddenly plunge into a new ice age? I think we can safely say that there would be a lot of death due to disease outbreak, exposure, and famine. Continue Reading
Many Native American legends often speak of the giants who lived in the Americas before their ancestors arrived but there are also other historical accounts of giants in the Americas. One of those accounts comes from the expedition of the Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto who explored around the area of Tallahassee, Florida. De Soto recorded meeting a “giant” Indian chief in this area. He described him as a “man of monstrous proportions.” The Spanish explorer and conquistador Francisco Coronado also recorded and encounter with giants during his expedition into the American Southwest during his search for the elusive “Seven Cities of Cibola.” In fact, Coronado and his men came upon SEVERAL tribes of giants!
Pedro de Casteneda who was with Coronado kept a history of the expedition and he is the one who actually recorded the expeditions encounter with several tribes of giants. In one passage Casteneda wrote of the expeditions encounter with the Seri people. The Seri people are a Native American tribe in the Mexican state of Sonora. These were a semi-nomadic people of hunter-gatherers who lived both inland and along the Gulf of California. The Seri are NOT related to the Yaqui or other native people in the region, strangely. They were renowned for their fierce warriors who put up a good fight against the Spanish who tried to subdue them. They call themselves the “Comcaac.” Castaneda wrote that these people were so large that the largest Spaniard only came up to their chest! “Don Rodrigo Maldonado,” Castaneda wrote, “…..brought back with him an Indian so large and tall that the best man in the army reached only to his chest and it was said that other Indians were even taller on the coast.” Giant Indians were not only found among the Seri but also by other Spanish explorers in Texas, Florida, and the tip of Cape Horn in South America where they were called the “Patagonia Giants.” The Spanish weren’t sure what to make of these people but they had a reputation for being fierce.
Back in the 1800s seven giant skeletons were found in Alaska by James Perkinson who was an American miner. Five of the skeletons were almost complete. One of these measured over 7 feet tall!! Two others were almost 7 feet tall Continue Reading
Recently I have spoken with some Native Americans in southern California and southern Arizona who have told me their Bigfoot stories. They call this hominid “Yucca Man” while others call them “Sun Devils.”
As with everything else in the desert these Yucca Men (and women) are shorter and leaner than their counterparts found in the northern regions. However, these odd desert dwellers tend to be more aggressive and fierce than their cousins in the north for some reason.
Alleged photo of a Yucca Man taken in southern California desert. Photo taken in 1990s by a hiker in Joshua Tree National Park, CA
The deserts of the American Southwest are filled with cactus and sagebrush and to glimpse at the region one would think nothing lives there but you could not be more wrong. There is plenty of wildlife in the desert and most of that wildlife is nocturnal I suppose due to the extreme temperatures during the day time hours.
One Native American man told me a story about this Yucca Man. He and his family were deer hunting and camping for a few days in the desert of southeastern Arizona towards the end of October. They had their tents set up and a campfire going and they were listening to some music. Suddenly, one of the family members noticed something standing in the brush just out of the campfire light. At first they thought it was a person, perhaps an illegal migrant or another hunter, but it wasn’t as they soon found out. Continue Reading