Cerutti Mastodon Site in San Diego, California discoveries indicate that early humans were in North America at least 130 kya.
Calico Hills Early Man Site in California indicate humans were in North America 100-200 kya.
Bluefish Cave Site, Canada indicates humans were in North America 24 kya.
Puebla, Mexico Site indicates humans were in Mexico 200-250 kya
Pedra Furada Site in Brazil indicate humans were in South America 48-60 kya.
And there are more…………….
When we take a look at these sites and the dates they have yielded we find that it appears humans have been in the Americas since 250-200 kya. But this is far from being the generally accepted timeframe for when humans migrated into the Americas! That timeline says we migrated across the Bering Landbridge around 15 kya! However, the more archaeologists discover, the more it appears that “someone” was in the Americas before 15 kya and that “mystery population” is affectionately known as “POPULATION Y.” Additionally, the more we learn about Paleoindians the more apparent it becomes that they did NOT look like modern Native Americans and, in fact, were quite different. At the tip of South America we have a people known as the Fuegians who ironically have many features sen in Homo erectus and we find the same features in a people known as the Pericues who lived at the tip of Baja California. But, according to mainstream thinking H. erectus was long extinct before these timeframes. I suggest that hypothesis is WRONG and note that some researchers believe H. erectus could have existed up until 20-30 kya!! Continue Reading
A new study and find has come out and in my mind it is MAJOR NEWS when it comes to ancient human ancestors being in North America. The San Diego Natural History Museum has announced that a recent Mastodon discovery shakes up our beliefs of when early man came to North America and the evidence comes from broken bones and rocks.
At an Ice Age site in San Diego, CA bones 130 kyr and teeth from a mastodon show evidence of EARLY HUMAN modification. Analysis of these finds dramatically alters the timeline for when humans first arrived in N. America. The report was published today in the journal “Nature.”
Museum paleontologists discovered the remains during routine work to clear the way for a new freeway expansion in the area. The discovery includes bones, teeth, and tusks and many of them have been sharply broken. They were buried alongside large stones that apparently were used as hammer stones and anvils. This makes the site the oldest in situ and well documented site in North America according to the museum.
According to Judy Gradwohl who is president and CEO of the Museum this discovery rewrites our understanding of when “humans reached the New World.” She went on to say, “The evidence we found at this site indicates that some HOMININ SPECIES was living in North America 115,000 YEARS EARLIER than previously thought.” Did you get that? SOME HOMININ SPECIES! That’s CODE TALK! Why didn’t she say Homo sapiens, or modern humans, or something along those lines? Instead she uses the phrase “some hominin species.” Why” Because I bet they suspicion this “hominin species” was NOT modern humans!!
Gradwohl went on to state, “This rasises intriguing questions about how these EARLY HUMANS arrived here and WHO THEY WERE.” In other words they don’t know who these early humans were and they don’t even know if they were early modern humans are some more archaic human like HOMO ERECTUS! And I’m betting my money on HOMO ERECTUS! In my mind this is evidence of this species being in the Americas around 100 kya!! Continue Reading
This post was formerly entitled: “The Pericues: Proof of Homo erectus in Baja”—–
The Pericues also known as the Pericu, Cora, and Edues were the aboriginal inhabitants of the Cape Region which is the southernmost end of Baja California Sur, Mexico. Sine the late 18th century, sadly, they have been culturally and linguistically extinct.
Baja California Native American Tribes
Of special interest here is that these people had very distinctive hyperdolichocephic skulls. That is, they were known for their distinctive long headed skulls. Some researchers believe that the Pericu were either were trans-Pacific migrants or remnants of some of the oldest colonizers of the New World. Their burials feature remains painted with red ochre (Las Palmas burial complex) which sometimes were deposited in caves or under rock shelters. These people used the atlatl and darts along with the bow and arrow up through the 17th century. When the Spanish came to the Americas they enslaved the Pericu until they revolted in 1734. The revolt lasted for two years until the Spanish reasserted authority over them. Many of the Pericu died of diseases brought by the Spanish as well. Continue Reading
Artistic depiction of the 5 Dmanisi skulls
The majority consensus is that our ancient human ancestors came out of Africa and populated the world. And the consensus is also that human evolution took place in Africa as these newly evolved humans migrated out of Africa they replaced more archaic species along the way. This is the OOA/Replacement Theory. More recently there has been evidence found that, in fact, there were not only migrations out of Africa but also back into Africa. However, there is a growing body of evidence suggesting all of this is NOT the case at all and part of that growing evidence are the finds at the Dmanisi site in Georgia (Russia).
The finds at the Dmanisi site clearly challenge the conventional opinion and the more we find the more it is beginning to appear that Africa was NOT the sole “cradle of humankind.” For, what is being found at the Dmanisi site suggests STRONGLY that there was a “Eurasian chapter in the long evolutionary story of man.”
Location of Dmanisi site in Georgia Republic
The Dmanisi discoveries upset the conventional view that ancient human ancestors migrated out of Africa not so long ago in evolutionary terms. In fact, these discoveries strongly point to ancient human ancestors migrating out of Africa FAR earlier than the conventional view holds. Of course, some of this is being demeaned by the suggestion (speculation) that there was simply a long evolutionary interlude in Eurasia before moving back into Africa to complete our evolution. Frankly, I think that is an absolute CROCK! I think what was going on at Dmanisi was far MORE than simply an “evolutionary interlude.”
The Dmanisi fossilized bones have been dated at around 1.8 myr and they are the oldest remains discovered outside of Africa to date. The Dmanisi remains are far more primitive appearing than Homo erectus which is believed to have been the first hominid species to migrate out of Africa about 1 mya. How is this possible that we have a hominid species outside of Africa long before H. erectus migrated out of Africa and began their conquest of the world?
When we compare the Dmanisi remains to H. erectus remains we come up with some very interesting comparisons. The Dmanisi had brains about 40% SMALLER than the average H. erectus brain! We also find that the Dmanisi were significantly shorter than the average H. erectus. Further, the conventional view has been that when H. erectus came out of Africa they had sophisticated stone tools (Acheulean) and that their physical anatomy was “advanced” in terms of brain size and limb proportions. BUT what is found at Dmanisi is very DIFFERENT from this! Continue Reading
Patagonia is a region at the southern end of Argentina and Chile in South America. It contains the southern end of the Andes and the desert steppes and grasslands east of this mountain range. It is bounded by both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
Lake Pehoe, Patagonia
The name “Patagonia” has a rather interesting meaning. This region was named by the famous navigator and explorer Magellan in 1520. “Patagonia” is derived from the word “patagon.” Magellan used this name to describe the people that he and his men thought were “giants”! Most historians believe that the people he was referring to were the Tehuelches who just happened to be a a bit taller than your average European at the time. The name of these people, Tehuelches, actually means “the fierce people” in their native tongue.
When the Spanish explorers first set foot in this area they came across some rather large footprints on the beaches and they thought them to have been made by giants. But, actually, the footprints were made by the Tehuelches leather boots (called “guanaco”) which they wore on their feet. But the rumors persisted and this land of Patagonia gained the reputation of being a “land of giants.”
Tehuelche Chieftains in Patagonia, Argentina
The Tehuelches have lived in the Patagonia area for over 14,500 years. This claim has been verified by archaeological discoveries and research. These people have a nomadic lifestyle so archaeological evidence has been rather scant. They are also hunter-gatherers and they are rather well known for their cave paintings. One thing I find interesting about these people is that they are similar in appearance to the Hopi of northeastern Arizona and other Pueblo people of the American Southwest although taller.
It seems that throughout Patagonia’s history there have been stories or legends of hairy giants and ogres (man-eating giants). Some people have speculated that Patagonia might have been the home of some surviving Homo erectus hominids. This is used by some to explain the many sightings of an alleged Patagonian Bigfoot which has been reported since the time of the Spanish Conquistadors in the region. This explanation is rather interesting because mainstream anthropology says H. erectus was never in the Americas. But, as researcher Austin Whittall of Argentina says there is some controversial evidence that has been found in the area that is ignored by mainstream archaeology yet this evidence suggests humans were in the Americas long before we suspect. In fact, roughly 1/4 of a million years ago! Continue Reading
Back in December of 2010 author and Cryptozoologist Austin Whittall posted on his blog concerning genes from H. erectus being in modern humans. Whittall is one of the very few Cryptozoologists that I even pay attention to as I think most are charlatans, frankly. Whittall is fairly certain Homo erectus was in the Americas and that it may be a reasonable, plausible, and logical explanation for many “Patagonian cryptids” such as the Tiremen and Patagonian Giants that have been reported in the Patagonia region of Argentina. He also believes Homo erectus is the hairy men, ape men, reported for a long time in the deep forests near Taitao, Chile.
Whittal notes the research of Daniel Garrigan and his colleagues at the University of Arizona in Tucson. They studied a very specific region of the X chromosome called RRM2P4. They found that it has great variability among humans from different parts of the world. Modern humans have two sets of sex chromosomes known as X and Y. Men have XY while females have XX chromosomes. Garrigan and his team sampled 570 people including Africans, Europeans, Melanesians, Chinese, Japanese, and Central Asians and their findings were rather surprising to everyone! They determined that RRM2P4 in the X chromosome is clearly NOT AFRICAN!!
The team also concluded that there are many different forms of RRM2P4 and they all relate back to some unknown shared common ancestor dating back about 2 mya. This, ironically, is held to be about the time Homo erectus began to migrate out of Africa and into Asia! And the team also discovered that the oldest form of RRM2P4 is found NOT IN AFRICA but in ASIA! And it is STILL found in Asia today!!!
Some researchers believe Homo erectus may have been still alive 30 kya in Asia. This could have made it very possible for interbreeding to occur between Homo erectus and modern humans and, thus, pass on some of their (Erectus) genes to us! Continue Reading
A Geologists Career Ruined Because She Held to the Truth!
Dr Virginia Steen-McIntyre was a geologist working for the USGS when she was dispatched to an archaeological site in Mexico in order to date some “out of place” artifacts back in the 1970s. Arriving in Mexico she used state of the art equipment and dating techniques for the time and backed up her results using additional dating techniques to verify her end results.
It immediately became obvious that there was a “problem” with the date arrived at for the artifacts because Dr Steen-McIntyre’s methods yielded a date of 250 kyr (thousand years old) or older! The lead archaeologist estimated the artifacts were no more than 25 kyr and when he was presented with McIntyre’s results he could not believe it.
The 25 kyr estimated date by the lead archaeologist was absolutely critical to support the Bering Strait Crossing theory. McIntyre’s results certainly went far beyond 25,000 years so the lead archaeologist simply tossed Dr McIntyre’s results in the garbage can! He asked for a new series of dating tests and Dr McIntyre was given the opportunity to retract her conclusion but she refused to do so. As a result it became very difficult for her to publish research papers in the future and she lost her teaching position at the American University. In other words, Dr Virigina Steen-McIntyre was MARGINALIZED and DEMONIZED in the academic and archaeological community because she refused to conform to the acceptable 25 kyr date and stuck to her results of 250 kyr plus. And, frankly, this is “standard procedure” for anyone who doesn’t follow the “party line.”
An Archaeologist Marginalized for Her Discovery!
Hueyatlaco is an enigmatic archaeological site in the Valsequillo Basin near Puebla, Mexico. It was excavated in the 1960s and rather quickly began controversial because dating analysis indicated a date for human habitation at 250 kya. This date was far older than accepted theory for man’s arrival in the New World and the archaeological community has rejected the 250 kya date summarily! This controversy has also resulted in ruining careers such as Dr Steen-McIntyre above who dated the artifacts and who came up with the 250 kyr date (mentioned above). But her’s was not the only ruin to come out of this site! Continue Reading