Artistic depiction of Homo erectus
Quotes from the article———-
(Note: You can find the full article at the link at this end of this post)
A scientific consortium has found that human ancestors were scattered across Africa, and largely kept apart by a combination of diverse habitats and shifting environmental boundaries, such as forests and deserts. Millennia of separation gave rise to a staggering diversity of human forms, whose mixing ultimately shaped our species.
“While there is a continental-wide trend towards more sophisticated material culture, this ‘modernization’ clearly doesn’t originate in one region or occur at one time period.”
“When we look at the morphology of human bones over the last 300,000 years, we see a complex mix of archaic and modern features in different places and at different times,” said Prof. Chris Stringer, researcher at the London Natural History Museum. “As with the material culture, we do see a continental-wide trend towards the modern human form, but different modern features appear in different places at different times, and some archaic features are present until remarkably recently.” Continue Reading
Ancient stone tools and bones have been discovered in CHINA that suggest early humans may have left Africa and arrived in Asia much earlier than thought. The artifacts appear to suggest that early humans settled in East Asia over 2 mya. The artifacts were discovered in the southern Chinese Loess Plateau.
The oldest dates to 2.12 myr making them 270,000 years older than the 1.85 million year old skeletal remains and stone tools found at Dmanisi, Georgia. Until this most recent discovery the artifacts found at Dmanisi were believed to be the oldest evidence for humanity outside of Africa. The stone tools show evidence of having been used and most are made from quartzite and quartz. Finding the stone tools and animal bones shows that early human ancestors dwelt in the area of the Chinese Loess Plateau. At that time the climate of this region was very different from what it is today. Continue Reading
Research coming out of the University of Witwatersrand says hominid brain size does NOT matter. The research team examined brain imprints (endocast) of Homo naledi’s brain and observed the many humanlike features in the imprints. What they did was to piece together traces of H. naledi’s brain shape from skull fragments and partial Crania from at least 5 adult specimens and they discovered one of these had very clear imprints on the convolutions on the surface of the brain’s left frontal lobe.
H. naledi’s brain was only about 1/3 the size of modern humans but their brains had some very humanlike features. Research conducted by this team call into question the long held assumption that human evolution was an upward growth in brain size and, thus, the development of more complex brains.
Homo naledi was discovered by paleoanthropologist Dr Lee Berger at the Rising Star Caves in the Cradle of Humankind in 2013. The site is located 3 miles northwest of Johannesburg. Paleoanthropologist Dr John Hawkes of the University of Wisconsin-Madison was part of the original research team as were others. The species existed in southern Africa between 236-335 kya which may also coincide with the emergence of modern humans in Africa. Prior to its discovery the general consensus was that there was only one species of hominin in Africa at the time (ie: Homo sapiens). Obviously that was NOT the case at all and H. naledi PROVES IT!! It’s discovery also proves that more than one hominin species coexisted!! And now it’s found that they had many brain features similar to H. sapiens even though their brains were smaller by 1/3 than H. sapiens! In short, what I’ve said before many times: Continue Reading
Denisova Cave, Altai Mtns, Siberia
An interesting idea was presented to me today which I had not considered until now. It is the idea that the Denisovan who lived in the Altai Mountains at Denisova Cave could have been exiles. That’s an interesting idea to say the least because the modern humans living in the region have no Denisova DNA and you’d think they would since it appears at least some Denisovans lived in the region long ago.
Denisova Cave is located in the Bashelaksky Range of the Altai Mountains, Siberia, Russia. Denisova Cave is a major archaeological site when it comes to the Denisovans because it’s the first place where remains were found that we had no idea existed. The cave also contains evidence of habitation by H. sapiens and Neanderthals. These habitations were concurrent, meaning, at the SAME time!
Map showing location of Altai Mountains
As recent as 2016 a needle made of bone was discovered here dating back 50 kya and it turned out to be the oldest known needle ever found. Sediments inside the cave are rich in animal remains including animals that are now extinct. They include remains from cave lions, cave hyenas, and numerous small mammals. Remains of reptiles have also been found in the cave sediment along with 50 bird species. Continue Reading
Heidelberg Man (Homo heidelbergensis) recreation at Atapuerca
Homo heidelbergensis (aka: Heidelberg Man) was just an archaic Neanderthal and was NOT a common ancient ancestor for H. sapiens and Neanderthals even though some people still seem to think so.
The OOA (Out of Africa) theory holds the view that Heidelberg Man is an ancestor of modern humans and Neanderthals, however. That theory claims this hominin species was present in Africa, Europe, and Asia 600-200 kya. Their skulls have features of both Homo erectus and Homo sapiens and their brain size is almost as large as H. sapiens. Yet, keep in mind that Neanderthals had slightly larger brains than modern humans do. This species was first discovered in 1907 near Heidelberg, Germany.
Further, mainstream theory (OOA) says that Neanderthals, Denisovans, and H. sapiens all descended from Heidelberg Man who appeared in Africa around 700 kya where it is known as Homo rhodesiensis. Fossils have been found in Ethiopia, Namibia, and South Africa and the theory holds that somewhere between 400-300 kya a group of this species migrated into Europe and western Asia by unknown routes and that they evolved into the Neanderthals in Europe. Another group migrated out of Africa and into Asia and they evolved into the mysterious Denisovans. Those who remained in Africa (H. rhodesiensis) evolved into anatomically modern humans sometime between 300-200 kya according to conventional OOA theory. They then migrated in a second wave into Europe and Asia between 125-60 kya. And so that is basically what the OOA says but is it so?
Artistic depiction of Homo erectus
Some paleoanthropologists and others believe H. heidelbergensis is nothing more than a variant of H. erectus! Others hold the view that it was an archaic Neanderthal but not a common ancestor of Neanderthals and archaic modern humans, H. sapiens. So, again, the waters are muddied and everything is uncertain and foggy!! That is, unless you consider the following FACTS! Continue Reading
This is perhaps one of the greatest Mesoamerican discoveries of all time! Using LIDAR technology archaeologists have been able to peel back the thick forest canopy of the jungles of Guatemala and have discovered thousands of pyramid, palace, causeway, and housing ruins previously unknown. They discovered, also, that the magnificent Mayan ruins of Tikal are only a fraction of a LARGE Mayan city!
Some of the ruins are in swamp areas believed to have been uninhabitable and the ruins are all connected by causeways (elevated highways) suggesting they were frequently used for travel and trade. These finds are going to change the way we think of the Maya and it now appears certain that the Maya had a civilization that rivals anything found in Rome, Greece, and Egypt!
Upper jawbone found in the cave on Mt Carmel in Israel J
Earlier this month it was announced that a large international research team discovered the earliest known modern human fossil outside of Africa and they interpret the find to mean that modern humans left Africa at least 50k years earlier than previously thought which, frankly, may or may not be so.
The fossil is part of a left hemi-maxilla with teeth (upper jaw bone, simply). Researchers say that the find also indicates that modern humans may have been interacting over a longer period of time with other archaic humans such as Neanderthals et al. The jawbone was discovered at a site known as Misliya Cave in Israel which is one of several sites on Mt Carmel. Dating suggests the jawbone is 175-200 kya. It has been thought that modern humans first migrated out of Africa and into the Levant around 50 kya but this jawbone proves otherwise.
The jawbone itself has many features of Homo sapiens sapiens (modern humans) BUT it also has features of Neanderthals and “other human groups.” And what might those “other human groups” be I ask? Homo erectus most likely and combinations (hybrids) of all of the above!! Continue Reading
Another Death Blow to the Out of Africa Theory!!
As I’ve said many times before, “What we thought was…was NOT. And what we thought was not….. WAS.” And when it comes to the story of human evolution this appears to be even more so than we have thought. I say this because a MAJOR DISCOVERY has now been revealed in Germany. Fossil teeth were found in Western Germany about a year ago and the reason that the discovery wasn’t announced before now is that researchers wanted to be certain about the dating. This discovery is nothing short of SENSATIONAL! In fact, you might even call it SPECTACULAR!! The teeth have been dated at 9.7 myr (million years old).
9.7 mya fossil teeth found in Germany 2017
To put this into perspective let me remind you of the fossil footprints found on the island of Crete a month ago Those footprints have been dated back to 5.7 mya. That puts these footprints in the realm of existence of Ardipithecus and Australopithecus. But they were not supposed to be in Crete but Africa according to the dying Out of Africa theory which is OBVIOUSLY WRONG! Yet, there they were on the island of Crete for the whole world to see! Many researchers just couldn’t believe the find because what it proved was that our earliest ancient human ancestors were wondering around Europe at the same time or maybe even EARLIER than they were in Africa! These footprints and other finds over the last few years have put the OOA into jeopardy and with the newest find in Germany the OOA now is most certainly WRONG! Continue Reading