I’ve posted about this archaeological enigma near Puebla, Mexico before (see link below) but recently I ran across an article about the project written by Dr. Virginia Steen-McIntyre who was one of the geologists on the original project that I found interesting.
I absolutely love her opening sentence in this article which asks the question, “Was someone actively hunting mammoth in Mexico a quarter-million years ago?” Well obviously the evidence says someone WAS but that evidence has been covered up and downplayed by the mainstream because it doesn’t jive with their assertion that man has only been in the Americas since the end of the last ice age some 10-12 kya! That’s all fine and well but the evidence uncovered by Dr. Steen-McIntyre and others on the research team say otherwise.
In the article Dr. Steen-McIntyre provides geological evidence that humans WERE hunting mammoth in Mexico 250 kya and that evidence if not simple speculation but HARD FACT! In fact, she says that the dates arrived at using radiometric methods are actually closer to 275 kya. And this date is for the YOUNGEST site of FOUR SITES known as Hueyatlaco.
Fifteen meters (about 50 ft) in the sediment which is only exposed when the reservoir water is abnormally low is the oldest site known as “El Horno” which is a mastodon kill site and it was here at this oldest site that the team found a slim stone flake still wedged between two teeth of a fossilized mastodon. “Someone,” says Dr Steen-McIntyre, “had tried to remove one of the molars.” Uranium series dates on the tooth indicated this was about 280 kya! Continue Reading
Laying in the Valley of Mexico, actually in a “sub-valley,” lays a magnificent splendor known as Teotihuacan. It’s zenith may have been in the First Millennium AD with a population of perhaps 125,000 people or more. That would have made it the 6th largest city in the world at that time. Wonderful Mesoamerican pyramids can be found at this site including the pyramids of the Sun and the Moon. But there is also the just as magnificent Avenue of the Dead and multi-family residences along with vibrant murals of the utmost quality. The city seems to have also been an export center for obsidian stone tools of fine quality. This site is absolutely beautiful and intriguing to say the least.
It is believed that this city was built somewhere around 100 BC and it may have been lived in up to the 7th or 8th centuries AD. It also appears that its major monuments were sacked and systematically burned in about 550 AD.
We used to think that this magnificent city was built by the Toltecs but it existed before the Toltecs. The Florentine Codex identifies the builders as the Toltecs but that culture flourished centuries (900-1168 CE) before the city so most researchers today no longer believe its builders were the Toltec. By the time the Aztecs arrived in the Valley of Mexico, Teotihuacan was already in ruins and burned. Archaeologists now refer to the city’s builders simply as the “Teotihuacano.”
“Snaketown and Other Sites”
Authors: Dr Roberto Peron, Barb Benson, Rob L.
photo of Snaketown from 1960s during excavations
Snaketown appears to have been the northern capital of the Hohokam (northern Toltec). It is located near San Tan, Arizona in side the Hohokam Pima National Monument. This is just south of modern-day Phoenix. Researchers estimate that this site may have once been home to over 2000 people! The site was excavated in the 1930s and 1960s and those excavations revealed that Snaketown was inhabited from approximately 300 BC until around 1200 AD. After the excavation in the 1960s the site was completely buried again by archaeologists so nothing is visible above ground any longer. Continue Reading
This post was formerly entitled: “The Pericues: Proof of Homo erectus in Baja”—–
The Pericues also known as the Pericu, Cora, and Edues were the aboriginal inhabitants of the Cape Region which is the southernmost end of Baja California Sur, Mexico. Sine the late 18th century, sadly, they have been culturally and linguistically extinct.
Baja California Native American Tribes
Of special interest here is that these people had very distinctive hyperdolichocephic skulls. That is, they were known for their distinctive long headed skulls. Some researchers believe that the Pericu were either were trans-Pacific migrants or remnants of some of the oldest colonizers of the New World. Their burials feature remains painted with red ochre (Las Palmas burial complex) which sometimes were deposited in caves or under rock shelters. These people used the atlatl and darts along with the bow and arrow up through the 17th century. When the Spanish came to the Americas they enslaved the Pericu until they revolted in 1734. The revolt lasted for two years until the Spanish reasserted authority over them. Many of the Pericu died of diseases brought by the Spanish as well. Continue Reading
Did ancient Polynesians and Australian Aboriginals get to South America? Did they interbreed with some South American people? Did Native Americans not only arrive in the Americans via the Bering Land Bridge but also by sea? These are some of the questions that science is attempting to answer and the evidence that is being found is somewhat astonishing…..at least to some.
I have long studied the Olmec which I consider to be a fantastic ancient people. They were the first MAJOR civilization in Mexico and Guatemala following a progressive development Soconusco (a region in the SW corner of Chiapas, Mexico) and what is today the modern SW Pacific lowlands of Guatemala. These people lived in the tropical lowlands of south-central Mexico in what is today the Mexican states of Veracruz and Tabasco. There is speculation they came from the Mokaya or Mixe-Zoque people which some consider pre-Olmec people. But, note this is speculation.
The Olmec are best known for their carvings of colossal heads and other artworks. These people have broad noses, large lips, and some had large eyes. Some of their artwork depictions of themselves clearly look African or Polynesian and one must wonder if these people actually came from Africa or Polynesia! Yet, other artwork depictions look more Oriental such as that depicted in the artistic statue known as “The Wrestler.” Continue Reading
A Geologists Career Ruined Because She Held to the Truth!
Dr Virginia Steen-McIntyre was a geologist working for the USGS when she was dispatched to an archaeological site in Mexico in order to date some “out of place” artifacts back in the 1970s. Arriving in Mexico she used state of the art equipment and dating techniques for the time and backed up her results using additional dating techniques to verify her end results.
It immediately became obvious that there was a “problem” with the date arrived at for the artifacts because Dr Steen-McIntyre’s methods yielded a date of 250 kyr (thousand years old) or older! The lead archaeologist estimated the artifacts were no more than 25 kyr and when he was presented with McIntyre’s results he could not believe it.
The 25 kyr estimated date by the lead archaeologist was absolutely critical to support the Bering Strait Crossing theory. McIntyre’s results certainly went far beyond 25,000 years so the lead archaeologist simply tossed Dr McIntyre’s results in the garbage can! He asked for a new series of dating tests and Dr McIntyre was given the opportunity to retract her conclusion but she refused to do so. As a result it became very difficult for her to publish research papers in the future and she lost her teaching position at the American University. In other words, Dr Virigina Steen-McIntyre was MARGINALIZED and DEMONIZED in the academic and archaeological community because she refused to conform to the acceptable 25 kyr date and stuck to her results of 250 kyr plus. And, frankly, this is “standard procedure” for anyone who doesn’t follow the “party line.”
An Archaeologist Marginalized for Her Discovery!
Hueyatlaco is an enigmatic archaeological site in the Valsequillo Basin near Puebla, Mexico. It was excavated in the 1960s and rather quickly began controversial because dating analysis indicated a date for human habitation at 250 kya. This date was far older than accepted theory for man’s arrival in the New World and the archaeological community has rejected the 250 kya date summarily! This controversy has also resulted in ruining careers such as Dr Steen-McIntyre above who dated the artifacts and who came up with the 250 kyr date (mentioned above). But her’s was not the only ruin to come out of this site! Continue Reading
In 1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue and discovered…….America? Well kinda but not exactly. In fact, the more we discover the more it looks like the infamous explorer Columbus was somewhat of a late-comer to the Americas.
We know that those adventurous Vikings were in North America in Newfoundland long before Columbus and there is some speculation that they even sailed through the St Lawrence Seaway down into the Great Lakes and into Minnesota. Some researchers have even theorized that these brave souls even sailed down the Mississippi River and came into the Gulf of Mexico and possibly ended up on the coast of the Yucatan where their encounters with the Natives may not have ended well. But what about their trip back to Scandinavia?
Researchers have speculated that these Viking explorers and colonizers of the New World long before the arrival of Columbus may have taken a few Native American women along with them on their voyage back to Europe. This would have been about 500 years before Columbus returned to Spain with a few captive Native Americans.
We know that these Vikings set up colonies on the shores of North America around 1000 AD. What we don’t know is how a family in Iceland came to acquire a rather surprising genetic marker dating back to that time (1000 AD). That genetic marker is mostly found in Native Americans not Icelanders!
The first Native Americans actually arrived in Europe during the 11th century brought by the Vikings not Columbus. A genetic study led by deCODE Genetics which is a leading genome research lab in Iceland has discovered a unique genetic marker (gene) present in only 4 family lines in Iceland. The gene is named C1e and it is a mitochondrial gene passed down through a female mother. This suggests Native American women either voluntarily or involuntarily came back to Europe with Viking explorers and had children in their new home, Iceland. There are about 80 Icelanders presently who have this distinct genetic marker in their genes.
One problem with this theory is that the C1e genes may have come from some other part of the world and not necessarily from Native Americans. No living Native American population today has the exact DNA lineage as the one found in these 80 Icelanders BUT it may be a case in which those Native Americans brought to Iceland by Vikings simply went extinct which, in my opinion, is most likely the case. Continue Reading