The biggest story in Anthropology for 2017 seems to be the mastodon site found in San Diego, California because it has turned everything we thought we knew about early humans in the Americas upside down. I posted about this back in April and you can find that post at the link below:
Remains of bone and teeth from mastodons at this site have been dated at 130 kyr (thousand years old) and they show evidence of early human modification. Analysis of the finds dramatically alter the timeline for when humans first arrived in North America.
The remains were discovered by Richard Cerruti a construction site monitor for the San Diego Natural History Museum. The project involved building new freeway expansion project in the area back in 1992. This discovery has caused more controversy than one could imagine with some scholars outright infuriated by it. But the evidence is there…clearly!
In addition to my post referenced above I also want to add that the remains were found in a cave near the ocean and this MAY suggest that the mastodon hunters were seamen. Fact is that it’s been estimated that 90% of all ancient pre-Ice Age human fossil remains probably lay under 300 feet of ocean water today along shorelines. That would be due to the fact that Ice Age sea levels fluctuated and due to our current warming period known as the Holocene. Ice Ages lock up water in ice and sea levels lower as a result. Warming periods melt ice and sea levels rise (as we see today). I’m pretty sure that some early human ancestors were sailors in primitive boats and these people may have been some of those prehistoric sailors.
Although surprising the San Diego site is not the only site that has turned our concept of our ancient ancestors upside down. You will find some of the other discoveries that have also contributed to that at the following link:
In Anthropology NOTHING is set in concrete and EVERYTHING is fluid. That’s because when we find new fossil evidence everything we thought we knew turns out to be wrong and theories must be revamped and revised to fit the new evidence. At least that is how REAL SCIENCE is supposed to work! Theories should fit the evidence not visa-versa!!
Happy New Year everyone and I’m sure 2018 is going to bring even more exciting discoveries in anthropology!!!