Cerutti Mastodon Site in San Diego, California discoveries indicate that early humans were in North America at least 130 kya.
Calico Hills Early Man Site in California indicate humans were in North America 100-200 kya.
Bluefish Cave Site, Canada indicates humans were in North America 24 kya.
Puebla, Mexico Site indicates humans were in Mexico 200-250 kya
Pedra Furada Site in Brazil indicate humans were in South America 48-60 kya.
And there are more…………….
When we take a look at these sites and the dates they have yielded we find that it appears humans have been in the Americas since 250-200 kya. But this is far from being the generally accepted timeframe for when humans migrated into the Americas! That timeline says we migrated across the Bering Landbridge around 15 kya! However, the more archaeologists discover, the more it appears that “someone” was in the Americas before 15 kya and that “mystery population” is affectionately known as “POPULATION Y.” Additionally, the more we learn about Paleoindians the more apparent it becomes that they did NOT look like modern Native Americans and, in fact, were quite different. At the tip of South America we have a people known as the Fuegians who ironically have many features sen in Homo erectus and we find the same features in a people known as the Pericues who lived at the tip of Baja California. But, according to mainstream thinking H. erectus was long extinct before these timeframes. I suggest that hypothesis is WRONG and note that some researchers believe H. erectus could have existed up until 20-30 kya!! Continue Reading
Today the average height for a male is around 5 ft 10 in (177 cm) and 5 ft 5 in for women (163-164 cm). Race can also affect height with the average for some races being taller and for others a bit shorter. Food intake and disease can also affect height as well as environment.
Humans have not always been these average heights. In paleoanthropology we use fossils to calculate the heights of some of our ancient human ancestors. The femur (thighbone) is the most useful bone for making such determinations as it typically composes about 1/4 of human height and is the longest bone in the human body.
Using femur bones and other bones we have been able to estimate height in some of our ancient ancestors. For instance, Homo heidelbergensis lived around 700-200 kya and we estmate males stood an average of 5 ft 9 in tall with females being slightly shorter standing on average 5 ft 2 in tall.
The “Hobbit” (aka: Homo Floresiensis) lived between 95-17 kya and were much shorter. A female skeleton from this species of ancient human ancestor reveals she stood slightly over 3 ft.
Neanderthals who lived between 200-28 kya had an average height of 5 ft 5 in for males and 5 ft 1 in for females. Most paleoanthropologists believe their short, stocky body type helped them stay warm and survive the harsh ice ages they lived through. Continue Reading
A battle in science has been brewing for a long while now and it involves the lack of availability of data being shared so that results can be confirmed or disproven via peer review. Now anyone who remembers anything from their grade school Elementary Science class knows that one of the hallmarks of science is the sharing of data with ones peer so they can replicate the experiment and either prove the conclusions or not. But, in our modern world of JUNK SCIENCE that has NOT been the case much of the time! Instead we have many researchers who are “protective” of their data and who outright refuse to share their data for peer review! The result of this LACK of peer review has been the leveling of allegations of fraud and sloppy methods and I might add JUSTLY SO! I mean, after all, IF your data proves or disproves something scientific then WHY wouldn’t you want your peers to replicate your results and add credence to your conclusions?
Now comes news of the first big battle in all this and it involves the American Psychological Association and one of its journals. The editor of that journal is being asked to resign. The reason? The editor said he will ONLY publish scientific studies in psychology IF he can see (review) the data. And, in today’s world of JUNK SCIENCE that is taboo!!! How dare he want to see the data! How dare he wish to replicate it! How dare he be a REAL SCIENTIST!! :O
Gert Storms is the editor in question and he is deviant and says he will NOT resign and I don’t blame him one bit. Gert is one of a few hundred scientists who have vowed that starting this year 2017 he will REJECT papers if the authors/researchers refuse to publicly share their data or explain why they can’t. In other words, Gert and other scientists are demanding TRANSPARENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITY and the science research world of today apparently doesn’t like it! Unbelievable!! Continue Reading