Back in April I posted about the fossil remains of Luzia Woman found in Brazil. Most anthropologists, including myself, believe she was a Paleo-Indian who may well have been part of the first wave of migrants into South America. The fossil remains have been dated at about 11.5 kya and in terms of all things anthropological that’s not that long ago. In fact, it was towards the end of the last glaciation. You can find my original post at the link below. Continue Reading
There have been several discoveries over the past few years that are changing what we think about how and when the Americans were populated by modern humans and now comes yet MORE evidence that modern humans were in Brazil about 23 kya (thousand years ago). These new discoveries are proving our textbooks WRONG and frankly that is a breath of fresh air!!
A recent article in the journal “Antiquity” suggests that prehistoric modern humans were hunting giant ground sloths in eastern Brazil 23 kya. A large number of stone artifacts and bones were found at a rock shelter at Santa Elina between 1954-2004 and reanalysis now suggests small, bony sloth skin plates were notched and perforated and made into ornaments by modern humans living in the area. Remains of fire hearths were also found in the sediment layers. Dating suggests humans were living in the area at least 20 kya and the dates also suggest that humans were living again in the area between 10,000 and 2000 years ago. Continue Reading
H/T to JR Bentley for sending us this research article………..
It would be an understatement to say that there are problems with the Out-of-Africa (OOA) theory and finally new research and reanalysis of prior research is attempting to correct some of those problems but what is being found is that the OOA may be absolutely WRONG to begin with. This becomes especially obvious when genetic evidence is looked at. In fact, WORLD science is now leaving the OOA theory behind and a Chinese research team is advancing an out-of-ASIA theory for modern human origins based on Y-DNA & mtDNA evidence and, thus, they are reviving the Multiregional Theory for human evolution based on autosomal evidence. The field of genetic research is becoming more precise and I think that is fantastic because it is now beginning to give us a new picture of human evolution and migration patterns!! Finally, we are getting some real concrete proof of what was and what was NOT.
The latest research by Chinese geneticists suggests that about 2 mya the first split occurred in modern human autosomes. Further, they’ve uncovered genetic evidence of Y and mtDNA having originated in East Asia and dispersing outward from East Asia via HYBRIDIZATION by archaic human ancestors!! This research strongly suggests a EURASIAN origin rather than an African origin for ancient human ancestors!! The primary research team is being led by Shi Huang who is a US educated and trained geneticist.
Huang’s research confirms genetic diversity is highest in Africans and lowest in Amerindians. His team also confirms Africans & Amerindians are genetically most divergent from each other. Africans are found to be closer to each other than they are to other groups and that New world sub-populations are more distinct from each other than other continental groups. Further, they’ve also found that Amerindians have the world’s highest values of intergroup diversity.
The findings of this research are currently under peer review and the team argues that African genetic diversity is NOT a function of greater age of African hominins but is a product of selection! This is supported by data showing increased African diversity in the study. Yuan uses autosomal molecular divergence dates as evidence for multiregional evolution. That date is derived from estimated molecular divergence between autosomes of major human groups to have taken place 1.96–1.91 mya which is consistent with paleobiological evidence for a Homo (human) migration out of Africa 2 myr. Continue Reading
H/T to JR Bentley for alerting us to this HIGHLY SIGNIFICANT discovery in Australia:
Archaeologists in Australia have discovered the oldest stone axes with a ground edge on the planet! This discovery is very important because it sets back Australia’s human history to 65,000 years! That’s about 18,000 years earlier than thought. Further this date directly challenges the OOA (Out of Africa/Replacement Theory) along with theorized migration timelines and human evolution!
The archaeological team was excavating artifacts at the rock shelter known as “Madjedbebe” near the Kakadu National Park which is located about 300 km east of Darwin. The Madjedbebe is a rock shelter that sits atop the base of the Amhem land escarpment on a sandy plain. A number of artifacts were discovered by the team including the world’s oldest ground-edge axe head made by grinding rather than flaking. Chris Clarkson of the University of Queensland heads the team and research. He told reporters, “The site contains the oldest ground -edge stone axe technology in the world, the oldest known seed grinding tools in Australia and evidence of finely made stone points which may have served as spear tips.”
There are in fact many scientists who believe Madjedbebe is home of the earliest evidence of humans in Australia. This discovery has “universal importance” for the human evolution and for Australia’s native people as well as for Continue Reading
This post was formerly entitled: “The Pericues: Proof of Homo erectus in Baja”—–
The Pericues also known as the Pericu, Cora, and Edues were the aboriginal inhabitants of the Cape Region which is the southernmost end of Baja California Sur, Mexico. Sine the late 18th century, sadly, they have been culturally and linguistically extinct.
Of special interest here is that these people had very distinctive hyperdolichocephic skulls. That is, they were known for their distinctive long headed skulls. Some researchers believe that the Pericu were either were trans-Pacific migrants or remnants of some of the oldest colonizers of the New World. Their burials feature remains painted with red ochre (Las Palmas burial complex) which sometimes were deposited in caves or under rock shelters. These people used the atlatl and darts along with the bow and arrow up through the 17th century. When the Spanish came to the Americas they enslaved the Pericu until they revolted in 1734. The revolt lasted for two years until the Spanish reasserted authority over them. Many of the Pericu died of diseases brought by the Spanish as well. Continue Reading
A bit over 100 years ago anthropologists were searching for early man in SE Asia and specifically they were searching for the “missing link.” That common ancestor between ape and man! But what they were discovering is that the jungles of SE Asia were not conducive to fossil formation, so fossil finds were few and still are today. Then in 1891 Dutch paleoanthropologist and geologist Eugene Dubois stumbled on to something. On the island of Java he found the remains of what was first called Pithecanthropus erectus which would later be renamed Homo erectus and would commonly come to be known as Java Man. What Dubois found was a tooth, skullcap, and a thigh bone at a place called Trinil on the banks of the Solo River in East Java. Dubois was certain he’d found the “missing link”!! Dubois himself called the species Anthropopithecus erectus. Java Man was dated at between 1 mya and 700 kya.
But Dubois was not the only one looking for the “missing link.” Researchers in Europe and Africa were also looking for this elusive “missing link” between ape and man. Not long after Dubois unearthed Java Man startling news came from Europe. The “missing link” had been found in England!! Continue Reading
NOTE: This is a rather long read but there is a lot of info I wanted to include in this post so grab that diet soda and box of bon bons, get comfortable in your easy chair and indulge 🙂
One of my favorite land is Australia. The “land down under” is nothing short of magnificent! We are going to explore this fantastic land in upcoming posts because there is some geology and prehistoric history there that is significant although it has been much ignored by academia. For starters I want to take a look at what I call the “Bradshaw Boat.” But first we need a bit of history………
Dr. Grahame Walsh: Researcher, Lone Wolf, & Rebel
Grahame Leslie Walsh was the only real expert on the Bradshaw Art (Guion Guion) in which the “Bradshaw Boat” is to be found. He documents and studied this ancient rock art for over 40 years. He was born in Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia in 1944 and sadly passed away in Brisbane in 2007. He was both a scholar and a Bushman, an outsider and an aesthete. He was particularly drawn to studying Aboriginal Australia. Walsh had a rather “maverick style” and a lone-wolf persona. He had a wide range of interests and was described by some as having been a “self-created man wholly free from external influences.” He pursued a life of field research hating the idea of sitting behind some academic desk. When he was in his teens a friend took him to Carnarvon Gorge to see a rock art paradise. To Walsh this site was like Camelot! For years after he operated a service station at Injune which is near the entrance to the gorge national park and while doing so he developed a keen interest in nature, geology, and the areas Aboriginal traditions. Continue Reading