Most fossil remains of ancient human ancestors have been found in East Africa in the Rift Valley and that area was once dotted by volcanoes. Volcanic ash killed these ancestors, buried them, and preserved them but that is not the case when it comes to Eurasia and that is ONE reason why we don’t find the amount of ancient human remains like that found in East Africa. That said, however, there have been some ancient remains found and I want to focus on those found in China in this post.
Artistic bust of Peking Man
Peking Man (aka: Beijing Man) was actually pieced together from fossil remains of several different individuals found at the Dragon Bone Hill site in Zhoukoudian near Beijing, China. It is an Eurasian H. erectus. It has prominent brow ridges, a saggital keel, an occipital bun, and a protruding upper jaw (prognathism) but no chin. These are all primitive features but its cranial capacity is about 1075 cc. The teeth and arm bones are almost indistinguishable from those of modern man! Also there is evidence of tool use was found nearby. Peking Man is estimated to be 500-300 kyr (thousand years old) which is older than Kabwe Man of Africa also known as “Broken Hill Man” and “Rhodesian Man.” The original skull of Peking Man was lost in WW2. There is also evidence of fire use at site as well as evidence of tool use and manufacturing. These were flaked stone tools and they also show he was right-handed. (according to Howells 1948, pg 49 et al). Continue Reading
A research study published back in June of 2015 provides some interesting information about how Bigfoot may kill its prey. The research was conducted and published by Aaron Mills, Gerald Mills, and M.N. Townsend who discovered three bone piles and track evidence within a 17 mile radius of Mount St. Helen’s in Washington state. Also found were kill sites, animal skull remains, and animal vertebrae remains. What is interesting is scavengers seem to have avoided these sites which suggests the predator(s) may have been close to the areas.
Skulls of elk and deer showed their snouts broken by blunt force trauma and the spinal columns broken also by blunt force trauma. The predator must have been a very large creature in order to do this. No evidence was found of any clubs or weapons used to kill the deer and elk but that’s not unusual as the predator(s) likely reuse their weapons on other kills. In the case of bigfoot I’d say the weapon was likely a very large, heavy branch or rock.
What is interesting is the apparent way in which the elk and deer were killed at these kill sites. It is clear that the predator is an “ambush hunter.” It also appears that the predator first snapped the snout of the animal likely to hinder its breathing if it ran off so it could be easily followed. I think the predator then used the weapon to crack the spinal column into two or more pieces resulting in the death of the prey. Continue Reading
As you know one of my favorite human species (or hybrids) are the Red Deer Cave People whose remains are found in two cave sites in China. These prehistoric human ancestors have been described as “highly unusual” due to some of their peculiar features and one of those odd features was their flaring cheek bones (zygomatic arches).
In Caucasian people these arches are extended outward the least while in Asians they are extended outward the most. In Africans the zygomatic arches are somewhere in between Africans and Caucasians. Returning to Asians, their cheek bones are extended outward the most and this is what we see in the Red Deer Cave People fossil remains. However, the extent to which these arches extend outward in the Red Deer Cave People are extended much farther outward than those we see in modern Asians. Also, extended zygomatic arches were also a feature of Homo erectus.
So what was the purpose for the great extension of the cheek bones? Some theorists have speculated that the highly extended cheek bones combined with heavy brow ridges were designed by nature to protect the eyes of the human ancestor especially during combat! The heavy brow ridges also helped shade the eyes from the sun so they may be on to something here. The Red Deer Cave People also had somewhat heavy brow ridges. Continue Reading
This post was formerly entitled: “The Pericues: Proof of Homo erectus in Baja”—–
The Pericues also known as the Pericu, Cora, and Edues were the aboriginal inhabitants of the Cape Region which is the southernmost end of Baja California Sur, Mexico. Sine the late 18th century, sadly, they have been culturally and linguistically extinct.
Baja California Native American Tribes
Of special interest here is that these people had very distinctive hyperdolichocephic skulls. That is, they were known for their distinctive long headed skulls. Some researchers believe that the Pericu were either were trans-Pacific migrants or remnants of some of the oldest colonizers of the New World. Their burials feature remains painted with red ochre (Las Palmas burial complex) which sometimes were deposited in caves or under rock shelters. These people used the atlatl and darts along with the bow and arrow up through the 17th century. When the Spanish came to the Americas they enslaved the Pericu until they revolted in 1734. The revolt lasted for two years until the Spanish reasserted authority over them. Many of the Pericu died of diseases brought by the Spanish as well. Continue Reading
NOTE: This is a rather long read but there is a lot of info I wanted to include in this post so grab that diet soda and box of bon bons, get comfortable in your easy chair and indulge 🙂
One of my favorite land is Australia. The “land down under” is nothing short of magnificent! We are going to explore this fantastic land in upcoming posts because there is some geology and prehistoric history there that is significant although it has been much ignored by academia. For starters I want to take a look at what I call the “Bradshaw Boat.” But first we need a bit of history………
Dr. Grahame Walsh: Researcher, Lone Wolf, & Rebel
Grahame Leslie Walsh was the only real expert on the Bradshaw Art (Guion Guion) in which the “Bradshaw Boat” is to be found. He documents and studied this ancient rock art for over 40 years. He was born in Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia in 1944 and sadly passed away in Brisbane in 2007. He was both a scholar and a Bushman, an outsider and an aesthete. He was particularly drawn to studying Aboriginal Australia. Walsh had a rather “maverick style” and a lone-wolf persona. He had a wide range of interests and was described by some as having been a “self-created man wholly free from external influences.” He pursued a life of field research hating the idea of sitting behind some academic desk. When he was in his teens a friend took him to Carnarvon Gorge to see a rock art paradise. To Walsh this site was like Camelot! For years after he operated a service station at Injune which is near the entrance to the gorge national park and while doing so he developed a keen interest in nature, geology, and the areas Aboriginal traditions. Continue Reading
Back in January 2016 I posted about one of my favorite ancient human ancestors known as the Red Deer Cave People(aka “Enigma Man”) (see link below). These people lived in China up until about 70 kya and their fossil remains were discovered in 2012 in SW China. Then in December of 2015 it was announced that yet another bone of these people had been found which was described as being “highly unusual.” I’ll return to this a bit later……….
The Red Deer Cave People are somewhat of a mystery. They are believed to have been a pre-modern (pre-Homo sapiens) people and analysis shows they have some remarkable similarities in morphology to archaic H. sapiens DESPITE that they lived between 14-11 kya. Continue Reading
Did ancient Polynesians and Australian Aboriginals get to South America? Did they interbreed with some South American people? Did Native Americans not only arrive in the Americans via the Bering Land Bridge but also by sea? These are some of the questions that science is attempting to answer and the evidence that is being found is somewhat astonishing…..at least to some.
I have long studied the Olmec which I consider to be a fantastic ancient people. They were the first MAJOR civilization in Mexico and Guatemala following a progressive development Soconusco (a region in the SW corner of Chiapas, Mexico) and what is today the modern SW Pacific lowlands of Guatemala. These people lived in the tropical lowlands of south-central Mexico in what is today the Mexican states of Veracruz and Tabasco. There is speculation they came from the Mokaya or Mixe-Zoque people which some consider pre-Olmec people. But, note this is speculation.
The Olmec are best known for their carvings of colossal heads and other artworks. These people have broad noses, large lips, and some had large eyes. Some of their artwork depictions of themselves clearly look African or Polynesian and one must wonder if these people actually came from Africa or Polynesia! Yet, other artwork depictions look more Oriental such as that depicted in the artistic statue known as “The Wrestler.” Continue Reading