Back in April I posted about the fossil remains of Luzia Woman found in Brazil. Most anthropologists, including myself, believe she was a Paleo-Indian who may well have been part of the first wave of migrants into South America. The fossil remains have been dated at about 11.5 kya and in terms of all things anthropological that’s not that long ago. In fact, it was towards the end of the last glaciation. You can find my original post at the link below. Continue Reading
There have been several discoveries over the past few years that are changing what we think about how and when the Americans were populated by modern humans and now comes yet MORE evidence that modern humans were in Brazil about 23 kya (thousand years ago). These new discoveries are proving our textbooks WRONG and frankly that is a breath of fresh air!!
A recent article in the journal “Antiquity” suggests that prehistoric modern humans were hunting giant ground sloths in eastern Brazil 23 kya. A large number of stone artifacts and bones were found at a rock shelter at Santa Elina between 1954-2004 and reanalysis now suggests small, bony sloth skin plates were notched and perforated and made into ornaments by modern humans living in the area. Remains of fire hearths were also found in the sediment layers. Dating suggests humans were living in the area at least 20 kya and the dates also suggest that humans were living again in the area between 10,000 and 2000 years ago. Continue Reading
H/T to JR Bentley for sending us this research article………..
It would be an understatement to say that there are problems with the Out-of-Africa (OOA) theory and finally new research and reanalysis of prior research is attempting to correct some of those problems but what is being found is that the OOA may be absolutely WRONG to begin with. This becomes especially obvious when genetic evidence is looked at. In fact, WORLD science is now leaving the OOA theory behind and a Chinese research team is advancing an out-of-ASIA theory for modern human origins based on Y-DNA & mtDNA evidence and, thus, they are reviving the Multiregional Theory for human evolution based on autosomal evidence. The field of genetic research is becoming more precise and I think that is fantastic because it is now beginning to give us a new picture of human evolution and migration patterns!! Finally, we are getting some real concrete proof of what was and what was NOT.
The latest research by Chinese geneticists suggests that about 2 mya the first split occurred in modern human autosomes. Further, they’ve uncovered genetic evidence of Y and mtDNA having originated in East Asia and dispersing outward from East Asia via HYBRIDIZATION by archaic human ancestors!! This research strongly suggests a EURASIAN origin rather than an African origin for ancient human ancestors!! The primary research team is being led by Shi Huang who is a US educated and trained geneticist.
Huang’s research confirms genetic diversity is highest in Africans and lowest in Amerindians. His team also confirms Africans & Amerindians are genetically most divergent from each other. Africans are found to be closer to each other than they are to other groups and that New world sub-populations are more distinct from each other than other continental groups. Further, they’ve also found that Amerindians have the world’s highest values of intergroup diversity.
The findings of this research are currently under peer review and the team argues that African genetic diversity is NOT a function of greater age of African hominins but is a product of selection! This is supported by data showing increased African diversity in the study. Yuan uses autosomal molecular divergence dates as evidence for multiregional evolution. That date is derived from estimated molecular divergence between autosomes of major human groups to have taken place 1.96–1.91 mya which is consistent with paleobiological evidence for a Homo (human) migration out of Africa 2 myr. Continue Reading
A couple of years ago I posted about Chavez Pass and the Sinaqua and that post has proved to be a highly popular post. But one thing I didn’t go in detail about was the trail that runs through the pass known as the Chavez Pass Trail or simply as the Chavez Trail.
This trail existed in the last 35 years of the 19th century and it was not only well used but was also very important. It crossed the southern part of of Central Arizona’s Verde Valley linking Winslow on the Colorado Plateau to Prescott in the central Arizona highlands. Prescott was the location of a very import military installation known as Ft. Whipple. The trail was established in 1864 by US Army Colonel Francisco Chavez and it ran for 125 miles. Although somewhat rough and rocky in places the trail was relatively straight making travel rather easy for the times.
Winslow was known as “Sunset Crossing” at the time Chavez established the trail and what many don’t know is that the Chavez Trail was actually established over a much older trail which was an old Hopi and Sinaqua trail. That Continue Reading
In January of this year finds at Bluefish Cave in Northwestern Canada were announced that turned everything we thought we knew about humans in the Americas upside down. We thought that the Clovis Culture (13 kya) was the earliest human culture to arrive in the Americas but the finds at Bluefish Cave made that not so when the fossil remains at Bluefish Cave were dated to 24 kya.
The evidence at Bluefish Cave was actually found between 1977–1987 but was summarily dismissed because it didn’t fit with the accepted view in academia as to when humans first entered into North America. The evidence at Bluefish Cave consisted of butchered bones that show clear signs of stone tools! But, the finds at Bluefish Cave in NW Canada (the Yukon Territory) were not the only evidence and study summarily dismissed by academia because it didn’t fit with accepted theory as to when humans first entered into North America.
Another study that was summarily dismissed was published in March of 1981 in the journal “Arctic” (Vol. 34, No. 1) conducted by A.V. Jopling, W.N. Irving, and B.F. Beebe. The study is entitled “Stratigraphic, Sedimentological, and Faunal Evidence for the Occurrence of Pre-Sangamonian Artefacts in Northern Yukon.” Continue Reading
H/T to JR Bentley for bringing this to my attention on his blog at:
The media is claiming this find is a “mysterious village” discovered in Canada that is over 10,000 years older than the Egyptian pyramids. Mystery? Really? Not to some of us who have long advocated man crossing into the New World via the sea IN BOATS. Yes! I said BOATS!!
A team of researchers from the Hakai Institute at the University of Victoria and local Native Americans have discovered a 14 kya village with artifacts dating back to the last Ice Age. The site is now believed to be one of the oldest human settlements ever found in North America. Ironically, this discovery also proves the oral traditions of the Heltsuk Nation that for generations have told stories of an ancient coastal village. I think it’s fantastic that research has once AGAIN proven Native American oral history! Continue Reading
This post was formerly entitled: “The Pericues: Proof of Homo erectus in Baja”—–
The Pericues also known as the Pericu, Cora, and Edues were the aboriginal inhabitants of the Cape Region which is the southernmost end of Baja California Sur, Mexico. Sine the late 18th century, sadly, they have been culturally and linguistically extinct.
Of special interest here is that these people had very distinctive hyperdolichocephic skulls. That is, they were known for their distinctive long headed skulls. Some researchers believe that the Pericu were either were trans-Pacific migrants or remnants of some of the oldest colonizers of the New World. Their burials feature remains painted with red ochre (Las Palmas burial complex) which sometimes were deposited in caves or under rock shelters. These people used the atlatl and darts along with the bow and arrow up through the 17th century. When the Spanish came to the Americas they enslaved the Pericu until they revolted in 1734. The revolt lasted for two years until the Spanish reasserted authority over them. Many of the Pericu died of diseases brought by the Spanish as well. Continue Reading