Tianyuan Man fossil remains, China
An analysis of an ancient Chinese fossil known as “Tianyuan Man” dated at 40 kyr has revealed some surprising findings. We’ve known that this fossil is closely related to modern Asians, or so we thought. However, recent analysis of the fossils yielded a surprise no one, almost, was expecting and that is that a 35 kyr fossil found in Belgium (GoyetQ116-1) thought to be closely related to ancient Europeans shares some genetic similarities to Tianyuan Man and these similarities are NOT shared by other ancient European remains. Additionally, the analysis showed that some Native American populations from South America appear to have a genetic connection with Tianyuan Man! BTW Tianyuan Man was a Homo Sapiens species.
What is beginning to appear is that the population that crossed into the Americas about 20 kya was NOT one single migration or time period but several and at least one of these groups had genetic ties to ancestors that contributed DNA to modern Papuan and Onge people. There appears to be no trace of this connection in present day East Asians or Siberians, however and unlike these two present day populations Tianyuan Man appears to have genetic similarities to some native South American populations!
What this newest analysis does is confirms, directly, that multiple ancestries in Native Americans were all from populations originating in mainland Asia and it seems to indicate that the migrations from Asia to the Americas happened around 20 kya or more. However, Tianyuan Man is at least twice that age and this means that the populations that migrated into the Americas were diverse and those diversities must have existed for at least 40,000 years. Continue Reading
Reconstructed face from Paleoindian skull named “Naiia” who lived about 13-20 kya in the Americas. This face shows some very obvious Oriental features!!
Back in April I posted about the fossil remains of Luzia Woman found in Brazil. Most anthropologists, including myself, believe she was a Paleo-Indian who may well have been part of the first wave of migrants into South America. The fossil remains have been dated at about 11.5 kya and in terms of all things anthropological that’s not that long ago. In fact, it was towards the end of the last glaciation. You can find my original post at the link below. Continue Reading
There have been several discoveries over the past few years that are changing what we think about how and when the Americans were populated by modern humans and now comes yet MORE evidence that modern humans were in Brazil about 23 kya (thousand years ago). These new discoveries are proving our textbooks WRONG and frankly that is a breath of fresh air!!
A recent article in the journal “Antiquity” suggests that prehistoric modern humans were hunting giant ground sloths in eastern Brazil 23 kya. A large number of stone artifacts and bones were found at a rock shelter at Santa Elina between 1954-2004 and reanalysis now suggests small, bony sloth skin plates were notched and perforated and made into ornaments by modern humans living in the area. Remains of fire hearths were also found in the sediment layers. Dating suggests humans were living in the area at least 20 kya and the dates also suggest that humans were living again in the area between 10,000 and 2000 years ago. Continue Reading
H/T to JR Bentley for sending us this research article………..
It would be an understatement to say that there are problems with the Out-of-Africa (OOA) theory and finally new research and reanalysis of prior research is attempting to correct some of those problems but what is being found is that the OOA may be absolutely WRONG to begin with. This becomes especially obvious when genetic evidence is looked at. In fact, WORLD science is now leaving the OOA theory behind and a Chinese research team is advancing an out-of-ASIA theory for modern human origins based on Y-DNA & mtDNA evidence and, thus, they are reviving the Multiregional Theory for human evolution based on autosomal evidence. The field of genetic research is becoming more precise and I think that is fantastic because it is now beginning to give us a new picture of human evolution and migration patterns!! Finally, we are getting some real concrete proof of what was and what was NOT.
The latest research by Chinese geneticists suggests that about 2 mya the first split occurred in modern human autosomes. Further, they’ve uncovered genetic evidence of Y and mtDNA having originated in East Asia and dispersing outward from East Asia via HYBRIDIZATION by archaic human ancestors!! This research strongly suggests a EURASIAN origin rather than an African origin for ancient human ancestors!! The primary research team is being led by Shi Huang who is a US educated and trained geneticist.
Huang’s research confirms genetic diversity is highest in Africans and lowest in Amerindians. His team also confirms Africans & Amerindians are genetically most divergent from each other. Africans are found to be closer to each other than they are to other groups and that New world sub-populations are more distinct from each other than other continental groups. Further, they’ve also found that Amerindians have the world’s highest values of intergroup diversity.
The findings of this research are currently under peer review and the team argues that African genetic diversity is NOT a function of greater age of African hominins but is a product of selection! This is supported by data showing increased African diversity in the study. Yuan uses autosomal molecular divergence dates as evidence for multiregional evolution. That date is derived from estimated molecular divergence between autosomes of major human groups to have taken place 1.96–1.91 mya which is consistent with paleobiological evidence for a Homo (human) migration out of Africa 2 myr. Continue Reading
A couple of years ago I posted about Chavez Pass and the Sinaqua and that post has proved to be a highly popular post. But one thing I didn’t go in detail about was the trail that runs through the pass known as the Chavez Pass Trail or simply as the Chavez Trail.
Chavez Pass south of Winslow, Arizona
This trail existed in the last 35 years of the 19th century and it was not only well used but was also very important. It crossed the southern part of of Central Arizona’s Verde Valley linking Winslow on the Colorado Plateau to Prescott in the central Arizona highlands. Prescott was the location of a very import military installation known as Ft. Whipple. The trail was established in 1864 by US Army Colonel Francisco Chavez and it ran for 125 miles. Although somewhat rough and rocky in places the trail was relatively straight making travel rather easy for the times.
Artistic reconstruction of the Sinaqua Ruins at Chavez Pass. They were excavated and reburied.
Winslow was known as “Sunset Crossing” at the time Chavez established the trail and what many don’t know is that the Chavez Trail was actually established over a much older trail which was an old Hopi and Sinaqua trail. That Continue Reading
In January of this year finds at Bluefish Cave in Northwestern Canada were announced that turned everything we thought we knew about humans in the Americas upside down. We thought that the Clovis Culture (13 kya) was the earliest human culture to arrive in the Americas but the finds at Bluefish Cave made that not so when the fossil remains at Bluefish Cave were dated to 24 kya.
The evidence at Bluefish Cave was actually found between 1977–1987 but was summarily dismissed because it didn’t fit with the accepted view in academia as to when humans first entered into North America. The evidence at Bluefish Cave consisted of butchered bones that show clear signs of stone tools! But, the finds at Bluefish Cave in NW Canada (the Yukon Territory) were not the only evidence and study summarily dismissed by academia because it didn’t fit with accepted theory as to when humans first entered into North America.
Location of the Bluefish Cave site in NW Canada (Yukon Territory)
Another study that was summarily dismissed was published in March of 1981 in the journal “Arctic” (Vol. 34, No. 1) conducted by A.V. Jopling, W.N. Irving, and B.F. Beebe. The study is entitled “Stratigraphic, Sedimentological, and Faunal Evidence for the Occurrence of Pre-Sangamonian Artefacts in Northern Yukon.” Continue Reading
H/T to JR Bentley for bringing this to my attention on his blog at:
The media is claiming this find is a “mysterious village” discovered in Canada that is over 10,000 years older than the Egyptian pyramids. Mystery? Really? Not to some of us who have long advocated man crossing into the New World via the sea IN BOATS. Yes! I said BOATS!!
A team of researchers from the Hakai Institute at the University of Victoria and local Native Americans have discovered a 14 kya village with artifacts dating back to the last Ice Age. The site is now believed to be one of the oldest human settlements ever found in North America. Ironically, this discovery also proves the oral traditions of the Heltsuk Nation that for generations have told stories of an ancient coastal village. I think it’s fantastic that research has once AGAIN proven Native American oral history! Continue Reading