Question from a recent email:
“I understand that in Florida there was a discovery of bog people at a site called “Windover” and that these remains found in the mud were well-preserved and date back thousands of years. It’s also my understanding that these people were northern Europeans as proven by their DNA. Is this true?”
“Naira” a reconstructed face from a Paleoindian skull. Lived 13 kya in North America. Notice the obvious Oriental facial features? This skull was found in the Yucatan in Mexico in 2007.
I blogged about America’s Bog People back in September 2016 (see link below) but let me review it here. The skeletal remains were discovered by a backhoe operator in 1982 in Brevard County, Florida. Remains included men, women, children, and infants. In all thus far 168 skeletal remains have been discovered buried in peat covered by about 3 feet of water. The remains show evidence of disease and healed wounds and some show signs of having suffered from Osteoarthritis and malnutrition. Some showed signs of skull fractures as well. Most were buried in the fetal position with their faces facing north. The bodies were held down by stakes to prevent them from rising to the surface as their bodies decomposed.
Some of the bodies had preserved brain tissue from which DNA was obtained. DNA analysis indicated that these people were of Asian origins and had a rare haplogroup X gene. DNA also showed NO BIOLOGICAL AFFILIATION OR RELATIONSHIP to modern Native Americans known to have lived in the area! Dating revealed results between 6990-8120 years ago via C14 dating techniques. This is not the only site. There are several sites in Florida with underwater/peat burials and it is believed these people may have believed water would prevent the spirits of the dead from rising. Continue Reading
“A team of scientists can verify that their 5 year long DNA study, currently under peer-review, confirms the existence of a novel hominin hybrid species, commonly called “Bigfoot” or “Sasquatch,” living in North America. Researchers extensive DNA sequencing suggests that the legendary Sasquatch is a human relative that arose approximately 15,000 years ago as a hybrid cross of modern Homo sapiens with an unknown primate species.”
So if we take the Ketchum report as factual then what we call “Bigfoot” came into existence 15 kya and it is a hybrid between Homo sapiens (modern humans) and an unknown hominid species. Fifteen thousand years ago the last ice age was drawing to an end as was the end of the Pleistocene Epoch and the present era known as the Holocene was just beginning. Mastodons were still roaming the North American continent at that time and they wouldn’t go extinct until around 10.5 kya. Smilodons were still around and they would not go extinct until about 10 kya. These were large cats found throughout the Americas and you likely know them as the infamous saber toothed cats or saber toothed tigers! Giant ground sloths were still around as well and didn’t go extinct until around 11 kya.
In terms of humans 13 kya sheep were being domesticated and the Sahara in North Africa was wet and fertile ground instead of the desert we see today! Humans were transitioning from hunter-gatherer cultures to farming cultures. Humans were Homo sapiens and they were AMH (anatomically modern humans) in form. Humans were already in the Americas including North America. The landbridge between Siberia and Alaska was still existent and some theorize that it was around this time that a large asteriod may have exploded over the North American continent wiping out some human civilizations and many of the large animals living there. Continue Reading
A research study published back in June of 2015 provides some interesting information about how Bigfoot may kill its prey. The research was conducted and published by Aaron Mills, Gerald Mills, and M.N. Townsend who discovered three bone piles and track evidence within a 17 mile radius of Mount St. Helen’s in Washington state. Also found were kill sites, animal skull remains, and animal vertebrae remains. What is interesting is scavengers seem to have avoided these sites which suggests the predator(s) may have been close to the areas.
Skulls of elk and deer showed their snouts broken by blunt force trauma and the spinal columns broken also by blunt force trauma. The predator must have been a very large creature in order to do this. No evidence was found of any clubs or weapons used to kill the deer and elk but that’s not unusual as the predator(s) likely reuse their weapons on other kills. In the case of bigfoot I’d say the weapon was likely a very large, heavy branch or rock.
What is interesting is the apparent way in which the elk and deer were killed at these kill sites. It is clear that the predator is an “ambush hunter.” It also appears that the predator first snapped the snout of the animal likely to hinder its breathing if it ran off so it could be easily followed. I think the predator then used the weapon to crack the spinal column into two or more pieces resulting in the death of the prey. Continue Reading
In January of this year finds at Bluefish Cave in Northwestern Canada were announced that turned everything we thought we knew about humans in the Americas upside down. We thought that the Clovis Culture (13 kya) was the earliest human culture to arrive in the Americas but the finds at Bluefish Cave made that not so when the fossil remains at Bluefish Cave were dated to 24 kya.
The evidence at Bluefish Cave was actually found between 1977–1987 but was summarily dismissed because it didn’t fit with the accepted view in academia as to when humans first entered into North America. The evidence at Bluefish Cave consisted of butchered bones that show clear signs of stone tools! But, the finds at Bluefish Cave in NW Canada (the Yukon Territory) were not the only evidence and study summarily dismissed by academia because it didn’t fit with accepted theory as to when humans first entered into North America.
Location of the Bluefish Cave site in NW Canada (Yukon Territory)
Another study that was summarily dismissed was published in March of 1981 in the journal “Arctic” (Vol. 34, No. 1) conducted by A.V. Jopling, W.N. Irving, and B.F. Beebe. The study is entitled “Stratigraphic, Sedimentological, and Faunal Evidence for the Occurrence of Pre-Sangamonian Artefacts in Northern Yukon.” Continue Reading
I’ve posted about this archaeological enigma near Puebla, Mexico before (see link below) but recently I ran across an article about the project written by Dr. Virginia Steen-McIntyre who was one of the geologists on the original project that I found interesting.
I absolutely love her opening sentence in this article which asks the question, “Was someone actively hunting mammoth in Mexico a quarter-million years ago?” Well obviously the evidence says someone WAS but that evidence has been covered up and downplayed by the mainstream because it doesn’t jive with their assertion that man has only been in the Americas since the end of the last ice age some 10-12 kya! That’s all fine and well but the evidence uncovered by Dr. Steen-McIntyre and others on the research team say otherwise.
In the article Dr. Steen-McIntyre provides geological evidence that humans WERE hunting mammoth in Mexico 250 kya and that evidence if not simple speculation but HARD FACT! In fact, she says that the dates arrived at using radiometric methods are actually closer to 275 kya. And this date is for the YOUNGEST site of FOUR SITES known as Hueyatlaco.
Fifteen meters (about 50 ft) in the sediment which is only exposed when the reservoir water is abnormally low is the oldest site known as “El Horno” which is a mastodon kill site and it was here at this oldest site that the team found a slim stone flake still wedged between two teeth of a fossilized mastodon. “Someone,” says Dr Steen-McIntyre, “had tried to remove one of the molars.” Uranium series dates on the tooth indicated this was about 280 kya! Continue Reading
Genetic studies and new discoveries are now changing the way with thought of human evolution and human migration and in a growing number of cases that genetic evidence and new discoveries are turning out to be one surprise after another. Honestly though, I’m glad to see this happening because what genetic studies and these new finds are doing is expanding our vision and correcting some erroneous thinking that we’ve had for a long time.
Lately, we’ve begun to find that the popular Out of Africa theory may not be wholely correct with the discovery of a Neanderthal ancestor in Spain. We’ve now discovered that migrations were not solely out of Africa but there appear to have been many into Africa. Recently, we’ve also discovered that early man was in the Northern Yukon of Canada an amazing 300 kya which is later than anyone thought, to say the least.
We’ve also begun to uncover the mysterious Denisovans and come to find out that two genes (TBX15 & WARS2) are critical in how the body deals with fat in cold climates and heat. This study also is showing us that Inuit DNA matches very well with Denisovan DNA and that another possibility might be that what we are looking at is an archaic variant which evolved in Homo erectus somewhere in the high latitutdes of Asia about 1 mya. Continue Reading
Laying in the Valley of Mexico, actually in a “sub-valley,” lays a magnificent splendor known as Teotihuacan. It’s zenith may have been in the First Millennium AD with a population of perhaps 125,000 people or more. That would have made it the 6th largest city in the world at that time. Wonderful Mesoamerican pyramids can be found at this site including the pyramids of the Sun and the Moon. But there is also the just as magnificent Avenue of the Dead and multi-family residences along with vibrant murals of the utmost quality. The city seems to have also been an export center for obsidian stone tools of fine quality. This site is absolutely beautiful and intriguing to say the least.
It is believed that this city was built somewhere around 100 BC and it may have been lived in up to the 7th or 8th centuries AD. It also appears that its major monuments were sacked and systematically burned in about 550 AD.
We used to think that this magnificent city was built by the Toltecs but it existed before the Toltecs. The Florentine Codex identifies the builders as the Toltecs but that culture flourished centuries (900-1168 CE) before the city so most researchers today no longer believe its builders were the Toltec. By the time the Aztecs arrived in the Valley of Mexico, Teotihuacan was already in ruins and burned. Archaeologists now refer to the city’s builders simply as the “Teotihuacano.”