Something I didn’t know was that the Dingo (Australian Wild Dog) is not native to Australia. In fact, the dingo was brought to Australia about 5 kya by human settlers from Asia. So the dingo is actually a native animal to Asia not Australia.
Regarding ants researchers at the University of Wurzburg have discovered that ants dress the wounds of their comrades suffered in battle. They believe such behavior is unique in the animal kingdom. The scientists studied the African Matabele ants and found that they actually do a pretty good job with their battlefield treatment. Without such medical attention about 80% of the ants would die but after getting the medical treatment only about 10% actually die.
Researchers consider this discovery astonishing because no other insect is known who does this. This species of ant lives in sub-Sahara Africa and often battles termites. They kill the termites and take them back to the nest and eat them. Termites are well armored and have powerful jaws and in battles they often bite off legs from the ants. When this happens the injured ant calls for a “medic” by excreting a chemical substance. The “medic” carries the injured ant back to the nest where other ants treat the wound by “licking” it intensely. This is believed to be a cleaning of the wound possibly with some sort of excreted antimicrobial substances.
Those ants that are severely injured on the battlefield are left to die, however, if they are missing more than 5-6 legs. The decision as to who is helped and who is left to die is apparently made by the injured ant not the “medic.” Badly injured ants do not cooperate with the “medic” but those who are slightly injured pull in their legs so the “medic” can transport them back to the nest. Researchers say they will be studying the ants more in an effort to find other details about this behavior. Overall, ants are pretty interesting, very strong, and now I think very intelligent.