When we think of Stone Age people we most often think of CAVE MEN because we’ve been told that humans during this time lived in caves BUT that is NOT the case! I’m sure some did but most lived in earthen huts which they reused. In fact, it appears from the evidence that they reused them for a thousand years in Norway even though they may have stood empty for long periods of time. Because they were used so long means that Stone Age people maintained them so they could be reused. This evidence comes from a doctoral thesis by Archaeologist Siljie Fretheim at the NTNU Dept of Archaeology & Cultural History in Norway. Her conclusions about Stone Age people tell a very different story about Stone Age people than our children are taught in school.
The Mesolithic Period in Norway spanned about 5500 years and began around 9500 BCE. The people during that time were hunter-gatherers and they first lived in tents made of animal hides and as time went on their dwellings became more permanent because they started building pit houses as did many other people around the world including the Americas! Some anthropologists also hold the view that even Homo erectus may have built simple pit houses as shelters. Dr Fretheim paints a very different picture of Stone Age people in her thesis and it’s one that opposes what we’ve been taught about people in that era. What this evidence says to me is that Stone Age people were NOT the “savages” we have been told they were but, in fact, rather sophisticated!!