A German Mexican (Deutsch Mexikaner in German or Germano Mexicano Or Aleman Mexicano in Spanish) is a Mexican citizen of German descent or origin. Most Germans arrived in Mexico during the mid to late 19th century inspired by the policies of Mexican el Presidente Porfirio Diaz and his liberal policies. German immigrants became merchants, industrialists, and educators. Some went to Mexico to be farmers or find work. Most settled in Mexico City, Veracruz, the Yucatan, and Puebla. During and after the First and Second World Wars significant numbers of Germans also immigrated to Mexico.
Students of the Colegio Aleman Alexander von Humbolt, early 20th century (German School in Mexico)
In Mexico City even today there are some neighborhoods that are clearly German Mexican as reflected in the Germanic styles of some neighborhoods and homes there. German settlements in Mexico go back to when they settled Texas when it was under the rule of Spain. The first permanent German settlement in Texas was in a town called “Industry” in Austin County. After the Mexican-American War of 1848 many Germans left Texas and went deeper into to Mexico as they sided with Mexico during that war.
Entrance to the German section of a cemetery in Mexico City (Panteon Civil de Dolores(
Between 1865-66 about 543 German families were brought from Hamburg in Germany to the Yucatan in Mexico primarily to the villages of Santa Elena and Pustunich. The majority of these Germans were farmers, craftsmen, wheelwright, shoemakers, and cabinet makers. Continue Reading
This story begins with the arrival of the Spanish Conquistador Juan de Onate in what is today the State of New Mexico back in 1598. This was the first arrival of Spanish colonizers into New Mexico. After several delays Juan de Onate finally set out for the region from Mexico City with 127 Spanish soldiers, families, and servants in January of that year. Part of this company of soldiers and settlers included two young men by the name of Vicente and Juan de Zaldivar. Along the trek Onate frequently sent these two men out as scouts to find the Rio Grande River and lead the settlers safely across the barren desert. Finding the Rio Grande they followed it up to the Robledo Mountains near what is today Las Cruces, New Mexico.
It was at this point that Onate decided to split the company up into two groups. One group included the Zaldivar brothers who were also nephews of Onate. This group was given the task of moving ahead of the other group so that they might make contact with and begin peaceful relations with the Pueblo Indians in the region. As this group of settlers moved northward they received mixed receptions from the Pueblo people. Some welcomed them. Others were suspicious of them. A few were even outright hostile to their arrival. At Socorro gifts were cautiously exchanged between the settlers and the Pueblos who were both suspicious of each other. At some locations the Pueblo ran away as the Spanish approached obviously not wanting any contact with them.
Acoma Pueblo, NM 1904
The second group of settlers was led by Onate. They moved towards the San Juan Pueblo in northern New Mexico. A little place not that far from this pueblo was called “Ohke” and Onate chose this place as the first Spanish settlement in New Mexico. The Spanish settle in and Onate began touring the surrounding Pueblos, collecting ore samples along the way, of course. Afterall, the Spanish were most interested in gold and silver more than anything else. Meanwhile the Zaldivar brothers reached Ohke about a month later with the rest of the settlers and within weeks the Spanish built a church at this site in honor of San Juan Bautista. Continue Reading
Evolution has worked to improve the genetic foundations of our health for millions of years now but new research suggests that things may be reversing and that might spell bad news for modern humans in the modern world. The study was conducted by the Georgia Institute of Technology recently.
Human evolution has worked to weed out genetic variants that are associated with diseases and it’s worked to promote variants that protect us against certain diseases according to this new study which was a comparative genetics study. However, for some odd reason over the past 500 to 1000 years it appears things have reversed. For example, the study has concluded that cardiovascular problems were much more common in our ancient human ancestors than they are today. What this means is that some diseases may be on the rise in modern humans and especially in terms of mental health.
Large populations are better able to purge disease causing gene variants and today with the human population near 7 billion people that is happening but still for some reason it appears this trend has been reversing over the past 500-1000 years. The study also found that Neanderthals and Denisovans had a lot more alleles (genetic variants) that promoted disease than we do today including heart disease. Over the course of time things got better and the variants for such widespread diseases were apparently weeded out as protective alleles rose. Continue Reading
The DNA within us is like a fingerprint in that each person’s particular combination of DNA is unique.But, unlike fingerprints, your DNA was passed down to you by your ancestors and it is RANDOM not uniform. We get about half of our DNA from our fathers and half from our mothers. They, in turn, got their DNA from their parents, who got it from theirs, and so on. While the particular combination inherited from a single set of parents makes each person unique, the shared genetic details of family members are what link you back to people born throughout history.
In the above example you might get a DNA combination of ADFH!
Autosomal DNA tests, unlike Y- or mtDNA tests, survey a person’s entire genome at over 700,000 locations where genetic markers that identify an individual typically appear. Plus, autosomal DNA tests look at both maternal and paternal lines, meaning discoveries come from both sides of your family tree. In the past, DNA tests looked at only a few dozen DNA sequences on either the Y chromosome or mitochondrial DNA. Because only men carry the Y chromosome, only men could take a Y-DNA test. As a result, Y-DNA test results would follow just the males in a single paternal line — fathers and sons. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) tests, on the other hand, could be taken by anyone. But the test results traced only an all-female line moving from mother to grandmother to great-grandmother, and so on. MtDNA tests could tell you more about your ancient ancestry, like where your family originated tens of thousands of years ago, but not who your cousins were. Continue Reading
H/T to JR Bentley for sending us this research article………..
It would be an understatement to say that there are problems with the Out-of-Africa (OOA) theory and finally new research and reanalysis of prior research is attempting to correct some of those problems but what is being found is that the OOA may be absolutely WRONG to begin with. This becomes especially obvious when genetic evidence is looked at. In fact, WORLD science is now leaving the OOA theory behind and a Chinese research team is advancing an out-of-ASIA theory for modern human origins based on Y-DNA & mtDNA evidence and, thus, they are reviving the Multiregional Theory for human evolution based on autosomal evidence. The field of genetic research is becoming more precise and I think that is fantastic because it is now beginning to give us a new picture of human evolution and migration patterns!! Finally, we are getting some real concrete proof of what was and what was NOT.
The latest research by Chinese geneticists suggests that about 2 mya the first split occurred in modern human autosomes. Further, they’ve uncovered genetic evidence of Y and mtDNA having originated in East Asia and dispersing outward from East Asia via HYBRIDIZATION by archaic human ancestors!! This research strongly suggests a EURASIAN origin rather than an African origin for ancient human ancestors!! The primary research team is being led by Shi Huang who is a US educated and trained geneticist.
Huang’s research confirms genetic diversity is highest in Africans and lowest in Amerindians. His team also confirms Africans & Amerindians are genetically most divergent from each other. Africans are found to be closer to each other than they are to other groups and that New world sub-populations are more distinct from each other than other continental groups. Further, they’ve also found that Amerindians have the world’s highest values of intergroup diversity.
The findings of this research are currently under peer review and the team argues that African genetic diversity is NOT a function of greater age of African hominins but is a product of selection! This is supported by data showing increased African diversity in the study. Yuan uses autosomal molecular divergence dates as evidence for multiregional evolution. That date is derived from estimated molecular divergence between autosomes of major human groups to have taken place 1.96–1.91 mya which is consistent with paleobiological evidence for a Homo (human) migration out of Africa 2 myr. Continue Reading
The link below is to an excellent article well worth the read about the growing “mystery” concerning archaic humans with modern human features. It calls for the revamping of the Out of Africa theory and I wholeheartedly agree!
The norm has always been that more than one human species have coexisted at the same time and sometimes in the same place. Our nice little concept of an archaic human species giving way to a more modern human species now lies in tatters thanks to recent discoveries. That little Utopian idea no longer flies as the evidence says that there was MUCH interbreeding between human species and that HYBRIDS were produced and survived. In fact, they dominated and they (we) still dominate today!
In South Africa we have Homo naledi showing a mix of archaic and modern morphology. We have the same in Morocco. These finds are changing what we think in terms of human evolution because these specimens are NOT from archaic times but from MODERN TIMES! When I say modern times mean around 300 kya NOT millions of years ago. The “mystery” is really no mystery at all if we think in terms of hybrid offspring. What is being found in Morocco and South Africa and elsewhere is CLEAR EVIDENCE of hybridization! And not only that but we now know that there were many migrations out of Africa AND many migrations INTO Africa! So much for the OOA theory!! Continue Reading
A couple of years ago I posted about Chavez Pass and the Sinaqua and that post has proved to be a highly popular post. But one thing I didn’t go in detail about was the trail that runs through the pass known as the Chavez Pass Trail or simply as the Chavez Trail.
Chavez Pass south of Winslow, Arizona
This trail existed in the last 35 years of the 19th century and it was not only well used but was also very important. It crossed the southern part of of Central Arizona’s Verde Valley linking Winslow on the Colorado Plateau to Prescott in the central Arizona highlands. Prescott was the location of a very import military installation known as Ft. Whipple. The trail was established in 1864 by US Army Colonel Francisco Chavez and it ran for 125 miles. Although somewhat rough and rocky in places the trail was relatively straight making travel rather easy for the times.
Artistic reconstruction of the Sinaqua Ruins at Chavez Pass. They were excavated and reburied.
Winslow was known as “Sunset Crossing” at the time Chavez established the trail and what many don’t know is that the Chavez Trail was actually established over a much older trail which was an old Hopi and Sinaqua trail. That Continue Reading