In January of this year finds at Bluefish Cave in Northwestern Canada were announced that turned everything we thought we knew about humans in the Americas upside down. We thought that the Clovis Culture (13 kya) was the earliest human culture to arrive in the Americas but the finds at Bluefish Cave made that not so when the fossil remains at Bluefish Cave were dated to 24 kya.
The evidence at Bluefish Cave was actually found between 1977–1987 but was summarily dismissed because it didn’t fit with the accepted view in academia as to when humans first entered into North America. The evidence at Bluefish Cave consisted of butchered bones that show clear signs of stone tools! But, the finds at Bluefish Cave in NW Canada (the Yukon Territory) were not the only evidence and study summarily dismissed by academia because it didn’t fit with accepted theory as to when humans first entered into North America.
Another study that was summarily dismissed was published in March of 1981 in the journal “Arctic” (Vol. 34, No. 1) conducted by A.V. Jopling, W.N. Irving, and B.F. Beebe. The study is entitled “Stratigraphic, Sedimentological, and Faunal Evidence for the Occurrence of Pre-Sangamonian Artefacts in Northern Yukon.”
This study reported evidence of an ancient human presence in the Yukon as far back as 300 kya. Evidence for this was found not far from Bluefish Cave located in the Bluefish Basin. This evidence was found in the neighboring Old Crow Basin which is to the northwest of the Bluefish Basin.
The study paper reports on “preliminary results of geological and palaeontological studies pertaining to archaeological specimens of human workmanship excavated at exposures of Pleistocene age along the lower middle course of the Old Crow River.” Prior work in this area is identified as: “Work directly pertinent to our present interests began in 1960 with the Geological Survey of Canada’s Operation Porcupine. ” It also notes, “This set the stratigraphic framework which we continue to use. Although the unglaciated northern Yukon had long attracted archaeologists interested in the subject of Early Man and vertebrate fossils, it remained for C.R. Harington in 1966 to show that wet tundra of the Old Crow Basin was something other than an obstruction to archaeology.” Harington found several human-made artifacts in this area that merit professional attention and NOT to be ignored! Among the artifacts it was CERTAIN that they’d been modified by humans (meaning they weren’t geofacts). And as the paper states, man “had to be considered a part of the Pleistocene fauna of the Old Crow Basin.” The paper goes on to state the following:
“… It is interesting that these early human inhabitants predate the extinction in Europe and western Asia of most or all populations of Homo sapiens neandertalensis. Indeed, if Unit 1 is of Illinoian = Riss age, these artefacts probably are older than Mousterian cultures and Neandertal Man. Elsewhere, Irving (1978a, b) has commented on a plausible relationship of these early cultures to the Early Palaeolithic of the Far East, a relationship anticipated by Chard (e.g. 1963) and more recently by Rouse (19801, although terminologies differ. Bryan (1978) has published an unusual human calotte from Brazil which beckons renewed attention in this connection. In a recent announcement Chia et al. (1979) describe a large collection of vertebrate fossils and stone artefacts found near Hsuchiayao in Yangkao County, Shansi, China. They attribute the entire collection to an age comparable with that of the Riss (Illinoian) glaciation. (191-130 kyr) The associated human skeletal remains are said to be intermediate between Homo erectus and Homo neandertalensis (sic). Elsewhere Medvedev (1979) appears to have documented the northward progress of Homo sp. as far as the Aldan Plateau in Siberia, 200 000 or more years ago.”
And then the paper adds this:
“We must now, therefore, entertain seriously the possibility that a variant of Homo erectus reached the Western Hemisphere, as recently suggested by Yoshizaki (pers. comm., 1981). If true, this must profoundly affect both studies of the origin of Homo sapiens and studies of New World populations…”
So what this study paper asserted was that some variant of H. erectus was in North America long before the Clovis People. And, this “variant” was likely a HYBRID produced by H. erectus and Neanderthal interbreeding!!
In their conclusions the researchers write, “We believe that the evidence indicates human presence in the Old Crow Basin….”. This study was never followed up as far as I can tell but, instead, was swept under that dirty old carpet. In my mind this study is highly significant because it gives some proof to a Erectine-Neanderthal hybrid population being in North America. I’m sure there are many more papers like this under that old carpet!