Before I begin this RANT (yes this is one of my famous rants) I want to echo something I’ve said before many times. That is, “When we go looking for TRUTH we usually find it in the middle between two or more extremes.” Is this also the case when it comes to Evolution and Creation?
Creationists believe man (Homo sapiens) was created 6 kya to 10 kya. They believe Noah’s Flood (aka the Deluge) began 4359 years ago (2348 BC). Some creationists vary on this date slightly. They hold the view that the flood waters lasted for 1 year and 10 days. As the flood waters began to drain back into the ocean basins it took 7 months before the mountain tops could be seen. Creationists believe Noah and his family and their wives survived the flood and repopulated the planet and the result is that humans today all stem from Noah’s sons. So what this means if that the Adamic race that came from Adam and Eve were all destroyed save for Noah and his family. They also believe the flood was global not simply local.
Creationists believe that the last ice age (glacial period) was triggered by Noah’s Flood. They assert that the Biblical tale about the flood provides a simple explanation for the ice age that followed. Prior to the last ice age Oard and Vardiman found evidence that the ocean waters were warmer. This evidence comes via oxygen isotopes in the shells of tiny marine animals called “Foraminifera.” Creationists believe that at the end of the flood there were a number of huge volcanic explosions that sent ash and gases miles high in the atmosphere and thus blocked sunlight from reaching the planet. This caused global temperatures to plummet even in summer. Dust and gases slowly settled out of the atmosphere but continued volcanic activity replenished these gases and dust for centuries to come following the flood. Ironically, amid the Pleistocene sediments we do find large amounts of volcanic rock which creationists say were formed following the flood.
Using standard knowledge of atmospheric circulation Vardiman showed warm oceans after the flood and large rates of cooling at the poles which would have driven extreme atmospheric convection. What this would have created would have been a giant polar hurricane-like storm system that would have covered large portions of the Arctic and Antarctica. This type of system would have continued for the next 500 years according to Vardiman up to the glacial maximum point. Such circulation patterns would have delivered mass amounts of snow to higher latitudes which would have quickly accumulated and become ice sheets which first spread over continents and then later over oceans as the waters cooled down near the end of the glacial period. According to creationists, then, the last ice age began in 2349 Bc since they date the start of the flood at 2348 BC which lasted for 1 year and 10 days.
Meteorologist Michael Oard estimated it would have only taken about 700 years to cool the polar oceans from a uniform temp of 30 degrees Celsius at the end of the Flood to the temps we have today. This 700 years period is thought by creationists to be the duration of the last glaciation period (ice age)! In the biblical Book of Job (37:9-10; 38: 22-23, 29-30) there is what may be references to just such an Ice Age after the flood! Biblical scholars believe Job lived between the erection of the Tower of Babel by Nimrod and the Prophet Abraham. In these passages from Job mentioned above God spoke to Job from a whirlwind asking him, “Out of whose womb came the ice? And the frost of the heavens, who fathered it? The waters are hidden like stone, and the face of the deep is frozen.” These questions to Job from the Divine suggest Job knew about the ice age firsthand or through historical or family records. Creationists take this as reference to climatic effects of the Ice Age that followed the flood.
Mainstream science today dates the end of the last glaciation to about 10 kya. This is far different in terms of timeline than the creationists believe. Vardiman asserts that ice core samples taken from Greenland and Antarctica fit a young-earth model with the bulk of the ice sheet thickness having been deposited by the hurricane-like storm circulation mentioned earlier having been deposited in a short amount of time, specifically, 500 years following the flood. He asserts that the oxygen isotope variations do NOT represent annual seasons but individual storms from different directions depositing water evaporated from oceans with varied temps!
But what about all those frozen mammoths we find? Across Northern Europe, Alaska, and Siberia we find large numbers of woolly mammoth remains. One has often wondered just how the frozen tundra of Siberia could have produced food for these large beasts. We also find the remains of ancient bison, horses, antelopes, woolly rhinos and others here and even if these animals migrated to the region in summer there still would not have been enough food for all of them. And that also begs the question as to what these animals drank when everything was frozen rock solid during winters! Large animals require large amounts of food and drink.
The fact is that the MAJORITY of these remains are NOT perfectly preserved as they show signs of substantial decay before having been buried and frozen! Thus far, only a few intact frozen carcasses have been found. In some of these we find that the contents in their stomachs are largely undigested. One theory for this is that there was some type of “instant freeze” that happened. But, undigested stomach contents have ALSO been found in mastodons from Ohio which are not frozen! In studies on modern elephants we find that the stomach acts as a storage container of sorts for food. Fermentation and digestion occur in the hindgut (as with horses). Thus, the contents in an elephant’s stomach largely remain undigested until needed. Mammoth stomachs likely acted the same.
Some of these remains found in the tundra of today’s far north regions are in various states of decay. Some show signs of scavenging while others come with carcass consuming flies! Instant freeze doesn’t appear to be the case.
In the Beresovka Mammoth specimen its stomach content contained plants that only grow in warmer climates. This is a good indication that at one time the climate of Siberia, Alaska, and Northern Europe where warmer maybe even tropical or semi-tropical. Mammoth remains are also found in lower latitudes such as Mexico and this indicates mammoth and variations there of were adaptable to wide ranges of climate.
Oard postulates mammoths were buried and frozen near the end of the post-flood Ice Age. Mammoth remains are mostly found close to the Arctic Ocean and on islands in the region. Oard holds the view that at the end of this post-flood ice age the sea froze over and the lowlands turned to permafrost and this coincided with the demise of the woolly mammoth and other large animals.
So what about all of those ancient human ancestors remains we find????
I’ve heard many ideas presented over the years about this and one I’ve heard most often is that some of the fossil remains we have classed as “Ancient Human Ancestors” are actually the fossil remains of fossilized prehistoric apes. Now I myself admit that there are some that I think likely were prehistoric apes that have been misidentified as ancient human ancestors but not all. For example, I do not think the species named Homo erectus is a misclassified prehistoric ape! I do not believe Homo heidelbergensis was a prehistoric ape nor do I believe the Neanderthals were either. Further, I do not believe Cro-magnon man (early Homo sapiens) was a prehistoric ape. In contrast, when I look at remains from Ardipithecus or Australopithecus I do see how they could easily have been prehistoric apes and not ancient human ancestors at all. And then there is Homo habilis………….
Homo habilis is known as the “tool man” or “handyman.” He was the first, we think, to make and use Oldowan Stone Tools. Some speculate that this is a transitional species (missing link) between ape and man others consider him to not be in the “Homo” genus at all but as an Australopithecine. Frankly, I’m uncertain about Homo habilis. Apes use stone tools too! They also use stick and chimps are known to even sharpen sticks! So we can’t really base the genus of Homo habilis on Oldowan tool making and use as basically these tools are just natural rocks with little to no modification as we see in later stone tools industries.
Taking this into account and saying I agreed with the creationist view then I can only conclude that when God created Adam and Eve what was created were modern humans, Homo sapiens. Ok so where did these other humans such as H. erectus and the Neanderthals come from? Before I get into that let me finish my thought here. If the flood story is true and it was global and only a man named Noah and his family survived and they must have been Homo sapiens then that means Homo erectus, the Neanderthals, and the rest were all wiped out by that flood and following ice age. That is the only conclusion I can reach! But wait!! What about all those flood stories we find in other cultures such as Native Americans? They have their own “Noah’s” who survived a flood too!
Getting back, then, to where these other human species came from I’ve heard many creationists refer to them as the “people before the flood.” Ok that might be so does that mean Adam was a Homo erectus whose lineage evolved into modern humans? But, then again, we have another problem when it comes to Adam and his wife named Eve…..
The biblical Book of Genesis tells the story of Cain and Abel who were brothers and who were the sons of Adam and Eve. When I read the account I conclude there were 4 people on planet Earth at the time, namely, Adam, Eve, Cain, and Abel. Cain in a fit of jealousy kills his brother Abel. God marks him some way so that OTHER PEOPLE he encounters will not harm him! Cain then goes off to the East and finds a wife! Wait a minute!! Who were these other people who might have hurt Cain? And just where did Cain find a wife if there were only 4, correction now 3, people on the planet????
One suggestion put to me one time was that Adam and Eve actually had several daughters and Cain took one of them as a wife. Hmmm….incest! Go figure!!
What IF this was the scenario…..other humans or human-like species populated the earth but were not “created” by God. These include Homo erectus, the Neanderthals, Homo heidelbergensis, Cro-magnon, and a few others. So Cain found his wife among these other species of humans. In other words Cain the Homo sapien interbred with Miss X the Neanderthal (or whatever she was)! That fits with what I believe that human “evolution” has been more one of different species of humans interbreeding more than evolution itself.
So what this means is that God created Homo sapiens (modern humans). So who created the rest? Some scholars have theorized that in the first two chapters of Genesis there are actually TWO CREATION STORIES given. In the first one humans are created both male and female and the Divine blessed them and told them to have many children and grow in numbers. That’s in chapter 1 but then in Chapter 2 there seems to be another account of human creation! In this second version God forms man (Adam) from the dust of the earth and puts his breath into the man, Adam so that the man became a living being. For a long while it seems Adam wa alone because it was only later on that God created Eve from one of the ribs of Adam!
So does this solve the mystery? The first people created in Chapter 1 were Homo erectus I’d say and the second people created found in Chapter 2 were Homo sapiens. And when the flood came along Noah and his clan just happened to be of the Homo sapien species and they survived the deluge BUT all those “people before the flood” (the results of the first creation in Chapter 1) were killed by the flood waters and possibly subsequent ice age. This would mean the deluge killed Homo erectus and the rest I’ve mentioned previously.
But we have another problem here! How did Neanderthal DNA get into non-Africans? How did Denisovan DNA get into Southeast Asians? There MUST have been some interbreeding going on as that is the ONLY WAY THIS COULD HAPPEN!! So Noah and his clan were NOT fully h. sapiens but were HYBRIDS!! So…I must also say….the deluge really didn’t kill off all of these ancient human ancestors as their DNA was in Noah and his clan via interbreeding as it is in US STILL TODAY! And this might also explain why we have people in the Bible fully described and nothing short of “ape men” such as Esau and perhaps even John the Baptist (the Wild Man) and even Noah himself! Least we not forget Noah was apparently born cloaked in white hair or fur. And this might also explain why we have children born today with atavism (evolutionary throwback trait) such as hairy bodies and faces projecting like apes!
I’ve said before that I find the zillion, trillion, billion year routine a bit hard to believe when it comes to dating fossil remains BUT I have got to say that I also find the creationists SHORT timeline also a bit hard to believe. So which is it? Or is the TRUTH somewhere inbetween the evolutionist and creationist assertions?
In a future post we’ll look at just what was going on around 2348 BC. We have written accounts known as “history” that will show us what was going on prior to, during, and after this time. Surely, if there was a great flood in this year then it would be recorded and surely if an ice age followed that too would have been recorded. Was it? We’ll find out and take this all much further I assure you 🙂