I’m about halfway through Dr Susan B Martinez”s book entitled “The Mysterious Origins of Hybrid Man.” She presents some interesting information and hypotheses. Her basic premise is that human evolution is not linear, that is, one species did not evolve into a higher species of human. Rather, she postulates that there were various species of ancient human ancestors and they interbred, thus, creating hybrids. This idea is not new as some early scientists presented the possibility of such in the 19th and 20th centuries. Rather than evolution, Martinez suggests, it has been a matter of interbreeding beginning with the first two “races” (which are really human ancestral subspecies) known as Ardipithecus ramidus and a race she calls the “Ihin.”
Ardipithecus ramidus was first discovered in 1994 and in 2009 researchers announced the discovery of a partial skeleton they named “Ardi.” Some paleontologists believe Ardi is a human-ape common ancestor meaning it would be a common ancestor for both humans and apes. Ardi’s fossil remains were found alongside fauna remains indicating she lived in a wooded environment and this challenged the idea of the open savanna theory which holds that humans learned to walk upright as climates became drier, more open, and grassy. Ardi lived in East Africa about 4.4 mya according to current thought. Ardi stood about 4 ft tall and weighed about 110 lbs.
The “Ihins” were a race of ancient human ancestors who were small like H. floresiensis. They were highly intelligent and very spiritual. The interbreed with Ardi’s species and produced the first hybrid which we know as Australopithecus.
Australopithecu afarensis s is the species from which the famous “Lucy” comes from. This species stood about 4 ft tall as well and weighed about 100 lbs. This species is well known as fossil remains from over 300 individuals have been found in Kenya, Tanzania, and Ethiopia in East Africa. Au. afarensis lived about 3.85 — 2.95 mya. It survived for more than 900,000 years which is about four times the amount of time our own species has been around.
Au. afarensis had a combination of ape and human characteristics. They lived on the ground part-time and in the trees part-time. Fossil evidence reveals they had small canines like all other early human ancestors and they were bipedal. So this species shows mixed traits and Dr Martinez says these mixed traits come NOT from evolution but from interbreeding producing a hybrid.
The Ihins were small and gracile. They were highly intelligent and basically gave us everything from spirituality to civilization. They weren’t suppose to interbreed with other races of human ancestors but they broke the divine law and did so anyway. Once the first hybrid race was produced (Au. afarensis) that hybrid species when on to interbreed with other races (subspecies) such as H. habilis, H. erectus (Druks), Neanderthals, etc. She says H. erectus was a warrior race and included such notables such as Cain who killed his brother Abel in the Bible and Esau. Cain was a Druk (H. erectus), a wildman and hunters. Abel, says Martinez, was a H. habilis (“handyman” or “able man”). Esau was the brother of the biblical Jacob. Esau was also a hunter and “man of the field” (wildman) who was covered with reddish hair or fur.
According to Martinez, the Ihin were a peaceful “little people” while the Druks, H. erectus, were war-like. She says the Druks wiped out the Ihins and drove them into extinction but their genes are still found in modern humans, H. sapiens, as are the genes of the Druks, H. erectus.
Basically, rather than evolution which postulates archaic species evolved into modern species over long courses of time it is a matter of hybridization (cross breeding) that has produced all of us today, modern humans. All of the “races” (subspecies) have intermixed and interbred for thousands of years, she asserts, so that today humans are all hybrids, composites of all of the races or subspecies of ancient human ancestors. This could explain why we see mixed features in humans today such as features of Neanderthals or H. erectus. Martinez points out that this interbreeding did NOT always result in a more modern or refined form as sometimes there was retrobreeding (mating between a more modern race and archaic race). A step back so to speak! She says this is why we sometimes find more modern features in human fossils older than those with more archaic features.
Martinez is an anthropologist with a doctorate degree from Columbia University and she has authored several books. She basically racks the theory of evolution over the coals and makes some good points and observations about what is wrong with the theory. She’s picked up on what some early anthropologists and biologists thought and that was that modern humans are the result not of evolution but of interbreeding between different subspecies of ancient human ancestors.
Although I do not agree with all that she says or asserts I do agree with much of what she postulates as it makes more sense and solves the “mysteries” found in the fossil record. For one thing she says there is NO missing link in human evolution because we didn’t evolve from anything but, rather, the races intermixed, interbred and produced hybrid man which is what we all are today. She says this hybridization is why evolutionists will not find the “transitional species” (missing links) in the human fossil record as it is a waste of time and effort.
As I said in a post yesterday humans are sexual creatures and that is not only true of modern humans but also with our ancient human ancestors. Let’s face it….humans both modern and prehistoric are horny creatures and we really aren’t particular who we mate with! Ironically, we share 98% of our DNA with chimpanzees but the closest we are is with the Bonobos, a species of chimps, that is highly sexual in behavior.
Martinez does not believe we came from apes or monkeys. She claims all of the races (subspecies) were created whole and complete and although they weren’t suppose to interbreed and mix some did and the result was the birth of hybrids more and more until we come to today, in which, every living human being on this planet now is a hybrid.
Dr Martinez’s theory is plausible in my mind as it certainly is possible. Fact is we don’t really know if we are the result of evolution or hybridization. I will continue reading her book and most more about it as I go along. For now, her ideas are intriguing to say the least. If she is right then we’ll have to rewrite the whole theory of where we came from and how we got to where we are today. That should be an ADVENTURE!