“Evolution in our own age of profit, has granted us a subliminal charter for exploitation, privilege, & discrimination.”
Dr. Susan B. Martinez, Ph.D., Anthropologist, “The Mysterious Origins of Hybrid Man: Crossbreeding and the Unexpected Family Tree of Humanity”
I’m reading a book entitled “The Mysterious Origins of Hybrid Man…” by Dr. Susan B. Martinez who is an anthropologist having received her doctorate from Columbia University. She’s actually authored several books and has a new one coming out next month.
Dr. Martinez doesn’t buy the standard, mainstream theory of human evolution. In short, her basic premise is that there never was any human evolution but, rather, that there have always been several species of humans who have all interbred with one another and who still are. Her theories are radical as you can expect and they are discounted by mainstream evolutionists but she does have some supporters in academia and the science community.
Her theories kind of fit with something I’ve been theorizing myself. That is, if you know the characteristics and traits of prehistoric man and you look at modern people closely you can see those characteristics and traits in some people today. As I’ve mentioned before on this blog you can clearly see Neanderthal features in some people including the characteristic bun at the base of the skull. These people are usually robust just as the Neanderthals were…or are. In other people you can see clearly characteristics and traits normally associated with Homo erectus. They even have the sagittal ridge or crest atop their skulls! They tend to be tall and slim with long legs just like H. erectus whose long legs gave them the ability to run and be excellent hunters. In other people you can clearly see characteristics and traits of H. habilis, H. heidelbergensis, and in others you can clearly see features commonly associated with the Australopithecines, the true ape-men! And let us not forget the characteristics and traits typically associated with the Cro-magnons who were the early archaic modern humans.
The question is why? Why do we see these rather distinctive features in supposed Homo sapiens (modern humans)? I’ve long suspected and stated that these species of ancient humans (proto-humans, if you will) never did go extinct but, rather, they interbred with modern humans (H. sapiens) and are actually still around today! My theory fits in, in many ways, with those of Dr. Martinez and I find that exciting and refreshing.
We humans like to have things nicely arranged. We like to think we’ve got it all figured out and put everything in nice neat little categories. But, when something doesn’t fit in our little self-created categories we have a problem. Oddities that just don’t fit challenge us to rethink and modify our little categories and they upset our conception of the order of things. In some cases those oddities are so challenging that they cause us not only problems but CRISIS! And, when it comes to human evolution that is what we have on our hands today. A CRISIS!!
Most people think that there is one “missing link” between modern man and the classical ape-man or caveman. However, that is not so because, in fact, there are several missing links! These missing links are also called “transitional species” and when it comes to human evolution we don’t find many of them. Take Homo habilis for instance. This species of hominin is nicknamed “handyman” or “tool man” because it is thought he was the first species to make and use stone tools known as Oldowan Tools. These stone tools were rather crude and simple and not as sophisticated or precise as those developed later by the next species known as Homo erectus (“upright walking man”) who started out using/making Oldowan Tools and ended up inventing and using Acheulean Tools.
There has been much debate about Homo habilis, “handyman,” and some researchers don’t think this species should be included in the Homo genus as it was more ape-like than human-like. They have suggested that H. habilis be renamed Australopithecus habilis (A. habilis). Others don’t necessarily disagree with that suggestion but they think Habilis was a “transitional species” (missing link) between the Australopithecines and Homo erectus. I tend to support the later theory as I think Habilis may have well been a transitional species (missing link) between the two. As for weather or not Habilis belongs with the Australopithecines or the Homo genus I’m still undecided.
Dr. Martinez doesn’t see H. habilis as a stage in human evolution but as one of several species of humans (Homo) that interbred with other species of humans and, thus, are still around today amid us. Once again, if you know what you are looking for in terms of features and traits of Habilis you can see them in some people living in the modern world today!
The bottomline is we don’t know! Many evolutionists will not admit such but it’s true. When it comes to ancient human ancestors we don’t really know much for certain because we have a lot of theories based on some rather scant fossil evidence. It’s important to keep in mind, as Martinez points out, that many of the artistic reconstructions of ancient human ancestors may NOT be accurate at all because those reconstructions are based on some very limited fossil remains such as a few teeth or jawbone fragments or fossil skulls with no faces. She’s right! Fact is our reconstructions may we very inaccurate and should we find the complete skeleton of one of these ancient human ancestors it may well look very different from what we think. Those few full skeletons we have found of a few species have actually surprised us as they are NOT how we believed the species to appear.
So what is Dr. Martinez is right? What would that mean for evolutional theory and modern people today living in this 21rst century? In short, if she is correct or even half right then it has great implications for evolutionary theory and modern humans!! The most obvious implication would be that various species of human ancestors did not appear and go extinct at all but that they have ALL always been here and are STILL here today! And that would mean that there has been no evolution in terms of how we conceive of it today but that human evolution has been an ONGOING process of interbreeding between several species of humans resulting in modern humans today. In short, then, Martinez is suggesting all of the known species of humans are still around and in each of us and that means that we are HYBRIDS!
Something else Martinez says is that humanity today didn’t get to where we are via aggression and competition but, rather, via COOPERATION and PEACEFULNESS. I don’t think I need to instruct most of you one the concept of “survival of the fittest.” We have been taught that that is the way Homo sapiens came to dominate the world and survive but Martinez suggests otherwise. She says H. sapiens have arrived at where we are today and survived through cooperation and peacefulness not through the “survival of the fittest” concept. Yes modern humans have bigger physical brains than some other species of ancient humans and we know that is a fact. However, when it comes to brain size I do not think size matters as much as how those brains were and are wired. I think how they were/are wired is far more significant than size. And, in fact, we DID get to where we are today via cooperation and when it comes to peacefulness versus aggression you might notice that we humans get much further collectively and individually when we approach something peaceful rather than by using aggression.
Dr. Martinez believes we have all been misled PERHAPS intentionally or perhaps not. That is, she believes we’ve been misled into believing the “survival of the fittest” idea which actually comes from Social Darwinism and Imperialism. What this means is that we’ve been taught man is innately aggressive and animalistic and what that has resulted in is a kind of “self fulfilling prophecy.” Simply, we have been made to THINK we are innately aggressive and animalistic and we simply have filled that role even though as Martinez believes aggression and animalism are NOT our true nature!! Peacefulness and Cooperation are!!
As evidence for this she points out many indigenous stories like those of the Hopi people of Northeastern Arizona. They speak of a people who once lived on the Earth who had high technology and knowledge very similar if not the same as our own today. The Hopi say these people became greedy and selfish. They began to exploit others and the natural resources of the Earth. They began to set themselves apart from each other with a few being the elites and the masses being conceived of as something lesser. This all resulted in the demise of their society which soon fell into war and ended in self-destruction. And with that came the end of their era or age and once again humans found themselves basically “knocked back to the Stone Age.” It’s not only the Hopi who have these stories that tell of previous “worlds” or “ages” in which humans advanced and then later fell to greed and selfishness. Many other indigenous cultures around the world have similar stories in their oral traditions and they all agree that as long as humans were peaceful and cooperating with each other everything went along fine and they advanced. But, once they gave into things like greed, selfishness, anger, hate, discrimination, and aggression their societies self-destructed. And, sadly, isn’t that what is exactly happening today in our own time and society?
I do not agree with everything Dr. Martinez says or theorizes, however, I do tend to agree with her basic premise as it fits in with some of my own. As I continue reading her books and pondering her theories I’ll post more of my thoughts here about it all.